Thor is a prominent god of Thunder in Germanic paganism who is wielding magical hammer, belt and gloves. In Norse mythology, Marvel comics and movies Thor is associated with lightning, thunder, storms, strength and the protection of mankind.
The image is representing Thor, hammering down the Great Midgard Serpent Jörmungandr with his great Hammer Mjollnir which had many marvelous qualities, including that of 'returning to the thrower like a boomerang'. Thor and the Midgard Serpent (1905) by Emil Doepler on Wikipedia, photographed and cropped by Haukurth : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B6rmungandr
The Pyramids of the Cold Section 22 : just like Hindu's, Norse mythology has its origins in the Great Pyramid of Egypt.
Thor, relentlessly hammering down the Great Serpent Jörmungandr in the 'Great Hall' of Bilskírnir of what had been described as the 'Largest building ever erected' and the 'mist of cold' originating from the 'Well' of Niflheim : all are referring to the Great Pyramid and its operating to create the magical evaporative cold.
It is absolutely impossible that two so different cultures as the ancient Egyptians and the Norsemen would have come up with the exact same myth about gods relentlessly fighting in a marine environment, a Great Serpent representing evil, thunder, rumble and earthquakes if they weren't connected one way or the other. That unique connection is the Great Pyramid, the 'Largest building ever erected' of the Norse mythology and the most advanced piece of equipment of the ancient times.
In summary : 4500 years ago, ancient Egyptians were operating the Great Pyramid to cool down chemical manufacturing of a Solvay process by creating pressurized water and evaporative cooling when the rest of the whole ancient World was still living in the stone age; no wonder it got hit hard and that myths started to appear all over this 'Old' rest of the World : it happened in New-Zealand, in Tibet, in Cambodia, all over the ancient Asia and it also happened in northern Europe with the Norsemen. Thor and the whole Norse mythology is originating in the operating of the Great Pyramid of Egypt and in its impactor relentlessly hammering down the inclined well waters.
What started a little more than a year and a half ago, as a simple pastime study on the Great Pyramid of Egypt has become something completely out of control, so to speak, and most of all, out of Egypt boundaries. We've already seen that what had been done in the pyramid had spread into all Asia and had been incorporated into the Churning of the Ocean Hindu myth, the Tibetan Prayer Wheels and the Haka ceremonial 'dance' performed by the Māori indigenous Polynesian people of mainland New Zealand.
But the spread wasn't contained in Asia either : everything about the operating of the Great Pyramid, the production of pressurized water resulting of the relentless hammering of the inclined well waters by the Osiris stone and the creation of evaporative cold fighting hellishly hot heatwaves coming from another realm, is actually the core of what we know today as the Norse mythology.
It is well known that the Norse expansion reached the Mediterranean sea and Northern Africa; it means that Norsemen either reached Egypt and the pyramids themselves or heard about them and about the Egyptian gods.
Either way, Norsemen just like Asian people, obviously got dazzled by what they've discovered and used all this amazing material to forge an all new mythology of their own, centered around a brand new god Thor relentlessly hammering down a Great Serpent into water and the idea of a mist of cold originating from a well and some 11 fountain-heads.
Modern interpretations of Thor in comics and movies are depicting him moving freely at his will, but it certainly doesn't come from the Norse mythology : Thor's land is described as the 'largest building ever erected' and it is inside this very building that Thor built what had been called 'the Great Hall of Bilskírnir'.
That is in this Great Hall of the 'largest building ever erected' that Thor endlessly burst forth in his goat-hauled chariot and fought the Great Serpent Jörmungandr while doing a fishing trip : the fight occurs into the waters.
Let me repeat this : the fight between Thor and the Great Serpent occurred inside the largest building ever erected and it also happened into the water. In one very particular myth, Thor also has a stone lodged inside his head and he is described as relentlessly hammering down the Great Serpent with his Hammer. Because it is a magical Hammer, it kept getting back to him after being released, over and over again.
If you've already read the previous Sections of 'The Pyramids of the Cold', and particularly last Section 21 about Osiris being the glorifying representation of the granite stone weight that was inserted inside the wooden 'coffin' impactor of the Great Pyramid, it should really sounds familiar by now : the Norse mythology is another complete reinterpretation of the operating of the Great Pyramid of Egypt.
Like for the Churning of the Ocean Hindu myth, Thor and his magical Hammer are originating in the operating of the inclined well of the Great Pyramid that was endlessly hammered down by the impactor; and everytime the impactor was released, the Hauling Beetle towed it back to its initial position, ready for another cycle : the impactor kept getting back into position.
The inclined well and the eleven members of the Grand Gallery's hauling team that were producing a fog of liquid water that evaporated and created evaporative cold, are actually referred to in another interesting part of the Norse mythology which is describing "an icy misty world called Niflheim, with a well from which eleven rivers flowed."
These 'eleven rivers flowing from a well' may not refer to the eleven crewmembers of the Hauling Beetle, instead it could mean that the fog nozzle that would have appear like a Lotus seed head, actually had eleven 'mouth holes'. In other words, it could mean that there were 11 fog nozzles set inside the evaporative cooling passage of the Great Pyramid: 11 mouth-holes.
Guests from Overseas (1901) by Nicholas Roerich, depicting a Viking raid : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_expansion
Rorik of Dorestad, the Viking ruler of Frisia between 839 and 875. "Teutonic Myth and Legend" : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisian_freedom
22.02 The Viking expansion to North Africa, Arabia, Central Asia, Iran and the Caucasus
I understand that most people will think I'm gone completely crazy : I've already said that the Great Pyramid wasn't a tomb, but some kind of gigantic refrigerator and that this refrigerator made such an impression on the ancient World that the Hindus, the Tibetan and the Maoris in New-Zealand decided to appropriate the concept to make a brand new mythology of their own. And now, the Vikings !
The thing is that it really did happened this way; the Great Pyramid had influenced the entire ancient World and was the origin of dozens and dozens of myths in and outside Egyptian boundaries.
If you think that Vikings were way too far from Egypt to have been influenced in such a way, you are mistaken.
Most people think that the seas are barriers to expansion, but it actually is the opposite : seas are today, and were in the ancient World as well, extraordinary ways of communication. It was slower and more dangerous, but it was all there was. Norsemen 'discovered' America about 500 years before Christopher Columbus and they travelled as far as North Africa, Arabia and Central Asia.
"Viking expansion was the historical movement which led Norse explorers, traders and warriors, the latter known in modern scholarship as Vikings, to sail most of the North Atlantic, reaching south as far as North Africa and east as far as Russia, and through the Mediterranean as far as Constantinople and the Middle East, acting as looters, traders, colonists and mercenaries." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_expansion
Viking raids and settlements from 793 to 1066 AD : https://i.imgur.com/5tOGYjX.png
"The well-known Harald Hardrada would also serve the Byzantine emperor in Palestine as well as raiding North Africa, the Middle East as far east as Armenia, and the island of Sicily in the 11th century, as recounted in his saga in Snorri Sturluson's Heimskringla."
"Evidence for Norse ventures into Arabia and Central Asia can be found in runestones erected in Scandinavia by the relatives of fallen Viking adventurers. Several of these refer to men who died in "Serkland".
"Ingvar the Far-Travelled led expeditions to Iran and the Caucasus between 1036 and 1042. His travels are recorded on the Ingvar runestones. […] Around 1036, Varangians appeared near the village of Bashi on the Rioni River, to establish a permanent[clarification needed] settlement of Vikings in Georgia. The Georgian Chronicles described them as 3,000 men who had traveled from Scandinavia through present-day Russia, rowing down the Dnieper River and across the Black Sea. King Bagrat IV welcomed them to Georgia and accepted some of them into the Georgian army; several hundred Vikings fought on Bagrat's side at the Battle of Sasireti in 1042."
"Meanwhile, in the Eastern Mediterranean the Norse (referred to as Rus') were viewed more as "merchant-warriors" who were primarily associated with trade and business." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_expansion
The mention 'the Great Hall' inside 'the Largest building ever erected' about Thor's land, has to be taken literally : the Great Pyramid of Egypt was indeed the Largest building ever erected; and Norsemen couldn't but know about it.
Original image of the Grand Gallery of the Great Pyramid of Egypt at Giza, built by pharaoh Khufu, from page 52 of "The call of the stars; a popular introduction to a knowledge of the starry skies with their romance and legend" (1919) by Kippax, John R. (John Robert), 1849-1922 : https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14597229618/
22.02 Thor's 'Great Hall' in 'the Largest building ever erected' is the Grand Gallery of the Great Pyramid of Egypt
We've already seen that Hindu mythology was a lot more willing to describe what really was happening in the Great Pyramid than ancient Egyptian themselves, and this is the same thing here with the Norse mythology. The description of the land of Thor is mentioning the 'largest building ever erected' and a 'Great Hall in the sky' : the myth is talking about the Great Pyramid and the Grand Gallery that was so high that it looked like it was in the sky.
It is important to know that Norsemen travelled to the Mediterranean sea and that they either see the Great Pyramid themselves or they've been told about it. But knowing that in ancient times, Egypt was the center of the world, it is very hard to imagine that Norsemen didn't had the opportunity and the interest to go there for business.
They'd seen it and most probably they'd visited it as well : pharaohs of the time wouldn't have pass the occasion to show off and impress Norsemen with the Great Pyramid.
"Thrudvangar (‘Power Field’ or ‘Power Plain’) the land that belongs to Thor and his Hall Bliskirnir, is mentioned specifically by King Gylfi in the Gylfaginning, it is described as being the largest of buildings ever erected." https://asatruassembly.wordpress.com/2013/10/01/halls-of-the-norse-gods/
"Thor was thought to have ruled the sky from his land of Thrudvangar (“Power-Field” or “Plains of Strength”) where he built his great hall of Bilskírnir, a palace of 540 rooms." https://www.worldhistory.org/Thor/
The Great Serpent isn't spitting venom, but something that looks like air. My guess is that it really is air, but cold air and that is this cold air produced by the Great Serpent that is responsible for the ice/snow on the foreground of the image. Hammered down by Thor, the snake is producing cold.
22.03 Both Norse and Egyptian Great Serpents are causing thunder and rumble : they have the same origin
If in both cases, the fights with the Great Serpents are causing 'terrifying roars' and are associated with thunders and water Of course, it is because the descent of the impactor into the slope of the Grand Gallery would have cause a 'terrifying roar' because the crash into the waters of the well, would also have caused the structure to tremble and water from the well being projected like tides were created.
It is absolutely impossible that two so different cultures would have come up with the exact same myth about relentlessly fighting a Great Serpent representing evil, thunder, rumble and earthquakes if they weren't connected one way or the other. The connection is the Great Pyramid, the 'Largest building ever erected' of the Norse mythology.
• About Thor and the Norse Great Serpent Jörmungandr :
"Thor’s name was the Germanic word for thunder, and it was the thunderbolt that was represented by his hammer, the attribute most commonly associated with him.
"The majority of the tales featuring Thor, in fact, put him in conflict with a giant or with his nemesis the Midgard Serpent (Jörmungandr, the “huge monster”), a monstrous snake who coils and twists itself around the world"
"Thor is a prominent god in Germanic paganism. In Norse mythology, he is a hammer-wielding god associated with lightning, thunder, storms, sacred groves and trees…" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thor
" Thor is closely associated with water in many of the myths"
"Thor was said to burst forth from his great hall in his chariot, drawn by two male goats […] The roar of thunder was the rumble of Thor's chariot's wheels across the vault of the heavens and, in another story, he is credited with creating tides." https://www.worldhistory.org/Thor/
• About the ancient Egyptian Great Serpent Apep :
"It was thought that his terrifying roar would cause the underworld to rumble… Apep's movements were thought to cause earthquakes, and his battles with Set may have been meant to explain the origin of thunderstorms." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apep
"Apophis is associated with earthquakes, thunder, darkness, storms, and death."
"No matter how many times Apophis was defeated and killed, he always rose again to life and attacked the sun god's boat.
"The sun was Ra's great barge which sailed through the sky from dawn to dusk and then descended into the underworld."
"In a text known as the Book of Gates, the goddesses Isis, Neith, and Serket, assisted by other deities, capture Apophis and restrain him in nets held down by monkeys, the sons of Horus, and the great earth god Geb, where he is then chopped into pieces; the next night, though, the serpent is whole again and waiting for the barge of the sun when it enters the underworld." https://www.worldhistory.org/Apophis/
Draw of the fight between the ancient Egyptian god Set and Apep, the Great Serpent of the Underworld : https://www.mygodpictures.com/apep-and-seth-imageapep-and-seth-image/
Original image of the draw : "Représentation de la barque solaire de Rê tirée par des chacals et des serpent. L'embarcation est attaquée par le serpent Apophis mais ce dernier est transpercé par Seth". Papyrus funéraire de Hérouben. Soutekh67 on Wikipedia : https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fichier:Barque_solaire_contre_Apopi.jpg
22.04 The unbroken bones of the two goats of Thor's chariot in the Great Hall
In the following part of the myth, many things are pointing to the operating of the Hauling Beetle : the two goats because of the ramming metaphor and the fact that the Hauling Beetle was actually designed in two connected parts, one on the eastern ramp and the other one on the opposite western ramp; the unbroken bones that are referring to the wooden structure of the half-Beetles; the roar of thunder and the rumble of the chariot moving at high speed and creating tides because of the ramming of the impactor inside the waters of the inclined well; and the Great vaulted Hall to depict the Grand Gallery where the Hauling of the impactor was done.
"Thor was said to burst forth from his great hall in his chariot, drawn by two male goats – Tanngnjóstr (Tooth Gnasher) and Tanngrísnir (Snarl Tooth) – who could be killed and eaten by the god and then brought back to life the next day as long as their bones remained unbroken. The roar of thunder was the rumble of Thor's chariot's wheels across the vault of the heavens and, in another story, he is credited with creating tides." https://www.worldhistory.org/Thor/
"In the Osiris myth, Osiris was killed by Set by being tricked into a coffin made to fit Osiris exactly. Set then had the coffin with the now deceased Osiris flung into the Nile." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djed
"… the other gods were getting tired from over eighty years of fighting and challenges. Horus and Set challenged each other to a boat race, where they each raced in a boat made of stone. Horus and Set agreed, and the race started. But Horus had an edge: his boat was made of wood painted to resemble stone, rather than true stone. Set's boat, being made of heavy stone, sank, but Horus' did not. Horus then won the race, and Set stepped down and officially gave Horus the throne of Egypt." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horus
22.05 Thor can't use his magical Hammer without both the belt and two gloves : they are an inseparable unit
Everybody knows about Thor's magical Hammer that is every time getting back to him after the throw : it is a perfect metaphor of the functioning of the impactor, that came back to its initial position after each release from the top of the Grand Gallery.
We've seen that this impactor was moving inside the central gutter of the Gallery, and that the Hauling Beetle hauled it back to the upper part of the Gallery using a central rope. When the Beetle moved down the Gallery towards the entry of the inclined well, the central rope towed the impactor in response. The direction of rotation of the towing axle beam was maybe clockwise (previous Section).
That central rope is the second magical item of Thor : the belt of strength which doubled his strength when he wore it.
The last two magical items of Thor, the 'iron gloves' are most certainly the eastern and western connected half-Hauling Beetles.
"Thor had three magical items which helped him defend Asgard and Midgard: his hammer Mjollnir, his belt of strength Megingjörð (which doubled his strength when he wore it), and his great iron gloves which he needed to wield his hammer." https://www.worldhistory.org/Thor/
We still have to find what metaphors have been chosen to represent the axle beam and the latch bolts in the Norse mythology.
Correct position of the "Jörmungandr rising to the ox head bait". Original image at : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jörmungandr
22.06 The incorrect posture of the Great Serpent : the 'bait' is not a real bait, it is the impactor's head
As suggested by the writing on the drawing of the Great Serpent Jörmungandr from a 17th-century Icelandic manuscript (top left corner text), we are obviously 'encouraged' to think that the Serpent is supposed to be in a vertical position, ready to eat the 'falling' bait.
But this is the academic vision of the scene; because at the same time, the position of his body is telling us the opposite : the Serpent is actually supposed to be represented in a very natural horizontal posture.
It means that the drawing's correct position is to be horizontal, and that this is no real bait.
Everything about Thor is regarding to the hammering/ramming/pounding of the impactor into the inclined well waters, and the horizontal position of the 'bait' is actually representing that impactor. The 'bait' is the head of an ox, because of the ramming metaphor into the inclined well waters.
The ox head 'bait' is the impactor's head (the stone in Thor's head) and the 'fishing leader' connected to it is the hauling rope of the impactor (Thor's magical belt).
22.07 The Fishing Trip Churning waters and the poison spewed by the hammered down Great Serpent
Because the Fishing trip in which Thor is 'trying to catch and kill the Great Serpent Jörmungandr, his name is pronounced Your-mun-gander (also given as Jormungand and meaning "huge monster" or "great beast"), is actually the Norse reinterpretation of the pressurization of the inclined well of the Great Pyramid, it no surprise that are appearing in the Fishing trip story, the two major elements of that pressurization : the head of the ox as a representation of the impactor (again, the same ramming metaphor) and the same 'churning waters' as the ones we've already discussed about in the 'Churning of the Ocean Hindu myth' Section 19
Churning water is precisely what was doing the impactor into the inclined well waters.
In the Fishing trip, is also represented metaphorically the small amount of pressurized water ejected from the well : Thor's Hammer (the hammering of the water) is causing the Great Serpent to spew poison from his mouth. The poison is the pressurized water.
"On a fishing trip which seems to begin innocently enough, Thor turns it into an expedition to catch and kill Jörmungandr. In this story […] Thor goes fishing on a large boat with the giant Hymir. When Hymir refuses to offer Thor any bait, the thunder god lops the head off Hymir’s largest ox and affixes it to his hook. […] Hymir and Thor wait in the boat, and just as Thor had hoped, Jörmungandr takes the bait. Thor hauls the serpent from the sea and reaches for his hammer to kill it while Jörmungandr spews poison from his mouth as he writhes on Thor’s hook. Thor draws the serpent closer in the churning waters, and the boat seems close to capsizing when Hymir, fearing for his life, leans forward and cuts Thor’s line. Jörmungandr dives beneath the surface and escapes" https://www.worldhistory.org/Jormungandr/
22.08 The release of the impactor and the central rope disconnection
It will be very challenging in the next following years to come as close as possible to the real operating of the Hauling Beetle and its fine relationship with the impactor, but there is one thing which I've already discussed a few times in previous Sections, and it is about the release of the impactor : I don’t see how the impactor would have gain speed and energy inside the central gutter of the Gallery (inside its wooden fixed caisson), with the central rope still attached.
In my opinion, the rope had to be disconnected with the impactor before its release, and it probably is what Hymir is referring to when he is "cutting Thor's Line" : "Thor draws the serpent closer in the churning waters, and the boat seems close to capsizing when Hymir, fearing for his life, leans forward and cuts Thor’s line."
Evaporative cooling applications webpage screenshot : AquaFog® from Jaybird Manufacturing Inc (Pennsylvania, USA)
22.09 Ginnungagap, where extreme Heat meets a mist of icy Cold is about the Queen's chamber of the Great Pyramid
The following excerpt is describing what was happening inside the Queen's chamber of the Great Pyramid (the 'Hidden chamber' of the ancient Egyptian Underworld).
Because the evaporative cold was created inside the horizontal passage and the overheating of the Solvay chemical reactions was in open air on the 'flat roof' of the unfinished Great Pyramid, the cold exchanger had to be located inside the Queen's chamber : the closest to where the cold was created and the farthest to where the heat was coming from.
Ginnungagap, the "Yawning Void", the place where "the heat of Muspelheim melted Niflheim’s frost" is a reinterpretation of the Queen's chamber.
"According to Norse cosmogony, the dawn of time was dominated by Ginnungagap—the “Yawning Void.” As time wore on, the fires of Muspelheim and the ices of Niflheim encroached on Ginnungagap. Slowly but surely, the heat of Muspelheim melted Niflheim’s frost, and the vapors coalesced into Ymir, the first giant. The melting ice also revealed a cow, Audumla, who nursed Ymir and fed on the salty blocks of ice." https://mythopedia.com/topics/muspelheim
22.10 The salty blocks of ice and the salt encrustations of the evaporative cooling process
The phrase "The melting ice also revealed a cow, Audumla, who nursed Ymir and fed on the salty blocks of ice." is outstanding, because it is talking about ice and salt.
We've seen in Section 1 "The evaporative cold", that the main problem of the process is the salt encrustations; but a question remains : when it is mentioning "ice", is it another metaphor of the "frosting cold", or could it be a genuine information?
I've already discussed the fact that ancient Egyptians didn't just mastered adiabatic evaporative cold, their process wasn't adiabatic at all : the air that was pushed by the fall of the impactor inside the fixed wooden caisson that perfectly 'extended' the inclined well, that air pressurized both the evaporative passage and the Queen's chamber.
If you pressurize the air, you have more air in the same volume and you can force more water into that air.
How more efficient it is in theory, and how cold could have really get the Queen's chamber, that is the question.
Here is a description of the fog of microdroplets after its creation, progressively moving forward into the horizontal passage and either created ice, or more probably salt deposits :
"According to the Prose Edda, a great time before the earth was made, Niflheim existed. Inside Niflheim was a well called Hvergelmir, from this well flowed numerous streams known as the Élivágar. After a time these streams had traveled sufficiently far from their source in Niflheim, that the venom that flowed within them hardened and turned to ice. When this ice eventually settled, rain rose up from it, and froze into rime. This ice then began to layer itself over the primordial void, Ginnungagap. This made the northern portion of Ginungagap thick with ice, and storms begin to form within." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muspelheim
Thor fishing for the Midgard Serpent in an illustration from an 18th-century Icelandic manuscript : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B6rmungandr#/media/File:Thor_and_Hymir.jpg
The creation of Brahma. In Vaishnava Puranic scriptures, Brahma emerges on a lotus from Vishnu's navel as Vishnu (Mahavishnu) creates the cosmic cycle. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahma#/media/File:Sheshashayi_Vishnu.jpg
22.11 Jörmungandr's spewed venom is the pressurized water and is represented in multi-headed snakes
The relentless hammering down of the inclined well waters of the Great Pyramid produce indefinitely about 200 liters of pressurized water. The multi-headed serpents and the Mehen board games are a representation of this infinite sequential production of pressurized water.
I apologize in advance but I have to show the same images that I've already used many times about the representations of the sequential ejections of pressurized water used by ancient Egyptian themselves, and that we can also find today in the Hindu and Norse mythology.
This sequential ejection of about 200 liters of pressurized water is the key of everything : it results of the operating of the Hauling Beetle/impactor unit, and it is necessary to produce the fog (or mist) of micro droplets of liquid water that would evaporate and create the fog/mist of evaporative cold.
Ancient Egyptians used a very simple metaphor to represent this process : because the small amount of pressurized water originated into the inclined well, and because these pressurized waters had been represented into the Great Serpent Apep, then the small amount of pressurized water ejected from that well would be represented into small snakes.
In Egypt, this process about the multiple ejection of water had been represented essentially with the Great Mehen Serpent which is represented cut multiple times in tiny pieces; and in Hindu mythology we have the same Great Serpent on which Vishnu is sited on, showing multiple heads for the same reason.
In Norse mythology, the same metaphor is also used. In the above image of Thor hammering down the Great Serpent Jörmungandr, like in his Hindu counterpart, the Serpent is represented into the water, because he really is water. And because Thor is hammering him down, it means that the scene is about the pressurization of the waters of the well. This is why small snakes are getting out of Jörmungandr's mouth, just like the small snakes are getting out the Great Snake in the Hindu scene : the Great Serpent is being cut in multiple small snakes. A small amount of water is being ejected from the well.
The ancient Egyptian Shabaka Stone which record the 'Memphite Theology' or creation myth, a text perhaps originally composed during the New Kingdom, in which Ptah is responsible for the creation of all things by means of the spoken word. The Shabaka Stone at the British Museum : https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/Y_EA498
22.12 The Well in the icy misty world from which eleven rivers flowed and the Egyptian Shabaka Stone
One of the most interesting part of the Norse mythology is concerning "an icy misty world called Niflheim, with a well from which eleven rivers flowed."
"In the beginning […] there was nothing but a giant void, probably filled with some kind of magic potential. Before our world was formed there existed an icy misty world called Niflheim, with a well from which eleven rivers flowed." https://www.worldhistory.org/Ymir/
The phrase, 'the icy misty world called Niflheim, with a well from which eleven rivers flowed', reminded me of one very particular strange stone from ancient Egypt, the Shabaka stone from the 25th Dynasty that is known to directly refer to the Creator god Ptah, the one Egyptian god who was the glorifying representation of the inclined well of the Great Pyramid (Section 21) : the Shabaka stone is showing a rectangular hole and eleven lines radiating from it.
Could the Norse myth about a well and eleven rivers refer to the Shabaka rectangular hole and eleven lines originating from it? Could it be another link between the Norse mythology and the ancient Egyptian religion?
"The Shabaka Stone, sometimes Shabaqo, is a relic incised with an ancient Egyptian religious text, which dates from the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt."
"The stela is around 137 centimetres (54 in) wide, with the left side height estimated at 91 centimetres (36 in) and the right side about 95 centimetres (37 in). The written surface is 132 centimetres (52 in) in width and on average, 66 centimetres (26 in) in height. The rectangular hole in the center is 12 by 14 centimetres (4.7 by 5.5 in), with eleven radiating lines ranging in length from 25 to 38 centimetres (9.8 to 15.0 in)." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shabaka_Stone
Norse mythology isn't really about the icy world of Niflheim (the 'realm of primordial cold' and the 'Home of Mist' where can be found the 'well of Hvergelmir') and the hellishly hot world of Muspelheim (hot and glowing land of fire, home to the fire giants), but it is really about the two of them fighting against each other in the 'Yawning Void' of Ginnungagap, the Norse reinterpretation of the Queen's chamber of the Great Pyramid of Egypt.
22.13 The heatwaves from Muspell fighting the Mist of Cold inside Ginnungagap
We've seen in Section 14 about the Red Pyramid, that the reason why evaporative cold was created inside the Great Pyramid, is probably because chemical manufacturing of sodium carbonate, using a Solvay or Solvay-like process was overheating (the very strong ammonia smell in the 'burial' limestone kiln chamber).
We've also seen in Section 19 "The Churning of the Ocean" that this idea of overheating that needed to be cooled down with water, was mentioned in this myth, probably the most important of all in Hindu mythology.
But Norse mythology is even way more explicit : " Another world was the elemental opposite, Muspell, hellishly hot […] the rivers of Niflheim froze and the ice piled up in the void, where the rime met the heatwaves from Muspell. As a result of the melting, the drops came together to shape a being, Ymir or Augelmir, the ancestor of the giants’ families. https://www.worldhistory.org/Ymir/
Maybe with a more in-depth study, it would be possible to sort out a lot of Norse mythology, but unfortunately it looks like everything had been completely mixed up : every single element of the operating of the pyramid is there, right under our eyes, but everything had been coated with brand new stories, borrowing a little here and a little there to create something unique and extremely hard to decipher.
Loki breaks free at the onset of Ragnarök (by Ernst H. Walther, 1897) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ragnarok
An illustration of Lífþrasir and Líf (1895) by Lorenz Frølich : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lif_and_Lifprasir
Detail of Statue of the half-god Bes photographed by Sandstein. Limestone, Amanthus (Cyprus), Roman copy of the Archaic style. Istanbul Archaeological Museums, inv.no. 3317 T : https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:IAM_3317T_-_Statue_of_Bes.jpg
22.15 Ragnarök is the last fight between Thor and the Great Serpent Jörmungandr... and flooding
The following excerpt is crucial for the understanding of Thor fighting the Great Serpent Jörmungandr. When it is said that "Thor and Jörmungandr would meet one last time", it first means that they have fight many, many times before. In one particular text, it is said that each time Thor thought he had killed the Great Serpent, Jörmungandr actually survived and reappeared like nothing happened.
"Thor and Jörmungandr were fated to meet again during Ragnarök, the “fate of the gods” and the end of days for the Norse. According to the predictions offered by the völva narrator of the Völuspá (also in the Poetic Edda), the events of Ragnarök would begin when the serpent of Midgard released its tail from its mouth and wriggled onto dry land. There it would join its brother Fenrir, who would set the world aflame while Jörmungandr filled the air with poison. Thor and Jörmungandr would meet one last time, and while Thor was fated finally to kill his foe, he would sustain mortal wounds in the process. Thor would take nine steps after felling the serpent before succumbing to the serpent’s poison and dying". https://mythopedia.com/topics/thor
More on Ragnarök : https://norse-mythology.org/tales/ragnarok/
The Great Serpent never was killed, because he was made of the water from the King's chamber and the sarcophagus (biosand filter for water softening and micro-organism decontamination, Section 18) : at every cycle of about 15 minutes, about 200 liters of pressurized water from the well were redirected towards the evaporative cooling passage; but during the 15 minutes of hauling back the impactor to the top of the Gallery, the 200 liters of the ejected water would have been replaced through the central gutter.
The Great Serpents Apep and Jörmungandr never died… until the shutdown procedure and the draining of the well. This time, the Great Serpent would die and would never return.
22.16 Ragnarök is referring to the draining of the inclined well of the Great Pyramid
I've described in Section 8, the entire sequence of events that triggered the draining of the well; the key element is that the impactor had been used one last time and that its release had been triggered from the grotto of the pyramid. But because the fixed caisson in the Gallery had to be flooded to increase the pressure on the Bes wedging block, the Osiris stone had to be freed from the wooden part of the impactor.
I think this is the reason why it is said that during Ragnarök, the draining of the inclined well of the Great Pyramid, both the Great Serpent Jörmungandr and Thor are killed.
22.17 The nine steps move of the impactor after hitting the Taweret Block during the draining of the well
The above excerpt is also mentioning that Thor 'had to take nine steps after felling the serpent' and that could be an amazing data.
Thor is the representation of the impactor, freed of the wooden float for its last voyage into the inclined well; and the felling of the Great Serpent is about the draining of the water of the well : the 200 liters of ejected pressurized water are not renewed anymore, the snake is dead. It means that Bes is broken and Taweret is freed to move and go rest onto the 'Savior' shock absorber granite plug #2.
So maybe the mention of the nine steps 'after felling the serpent' is about the distance travelled by Taweret between her initial position and the one she is having today.
The lower part of the inclined well of the Great Pyramid of Egypt and the Al-Ma'mun cavity, where the draining of its waters was realized before they were evacuated towards the subterranean chamber. The granite plug appearing on the image is the Taweret block.
Source of the image : Great Pyramid Passages and Chambers, Volume 1 (1910 edition). By John and Morton Edgar. Plate LXIV, page 166 : https://archive.org/details/GreatPyramidPassagesVol11910Edition/page/n174/mode/1up
Last update : September 5th, 2022. Implementation of Beset as the granite plug #1, the real plug of the well. Beset is unfortunately purely circumstantial. I couldn't find anything to validate the idea, but it is highly possible that this granite plug #1 and the Bes wedging block would have been given very similar names, because they had a very similar function : both blocks weren't supposed to move an inch during the entire operating period of the pyramid.
While the Osiris stone, the Taweret block and the shock-absorber Savior block were all designed to move at some point during the operating of the Great Pyramid, Bes and Beset were purely stationary blocks and they would have been given very similar names.
22.18 Summary of the study : hidden behind the academic vision of the ancient Egyptian religion, a vast number of metaphors are describing some of the most advanced science and technological knowledge of that time : ancient Egyptian gods were nothing else than pharaohs' metaphoric self-glorifications of their theoretical and experimental scientific accomplishments in physics and chemistry.
Pharaohs used the power of Science to legitimate themselves as kings of Egypt : they forged an entire religion, based on science to rule their kingdom, and they presented that science as Magic.
The end game of this technological program that probably started on the very first Dynasty, was the Great Pyramid of Giza where evaporative cooling was engineered in the known part of the pyramid from the pressurized water produced in the inclined well, known today as the ascending passage.
The evaporative cold simply took advantage of the power of water, and was most probably necessary to cool down chemical manufacturing of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate produced by an ammonia-soda Solvay process, as suggested by the very strong ammonia smell and the limestone kiln in the so-called burial chamber of the Red Pyramid. At that time, sodium carbonate was called natron, and it was the salt used for the mummification of the pharaohs (Sections 14, 15 and 16).
The cooling seems to have represented the most difficult part of the process, as suggested by the Step Pyramid's official name : according to scholars, the very first pyramid complex, the Step Pyramid of Djoser, was called "the refreshment of the Gods". No doubt that a more accurate translation would certainly be "the cooling of the Gods".
It means that ancient Egyptians were the first civilization to master a Solvay-like process for sodium carbonate manufacturing, long before it got reinvented in the 1800's in Europe. The key elements of that process is the temperature control of the chemical reactions (the cooling), and the dome shaped plate necessary for the counterflow chemical reactions to occur in an efficient way. That counterflow reaction plate is what really is the disc of Sabu.
As shown with Akhenaten and Nefertiti, the creation of the evaporative cold was the most sacred accomplishment of all (Section 17), and this is exactly what the Dendera Light is all about : the Dendera Light is the fog of microdroplets of liquid water that evaporates and creates the cold. Talking about the snake inside the Dendera Light Bulb : "The field surrounding Ra’s snake form is referred to in ancient Egyptian literature as protective magical energy in liquid form that all gods and pharaohs possess" (Faulkner, Section 2).
Everything that had been done in the Great Pyramid of Giza inspired most of the ancient Egyptian religion, and it had been glorified into what we know today as the Underworld.
The Underworld is referring to the chambers and passages of the Great Pyramid of Khufu, and in particular to the Grand Gallery where a hauling gantry beetle operated a wooden coffin shaped impactor that had a small nested granite block inside it. The impactor generated endlessly, over and over, maybe every 15 minutes the pressurized water that was then transformed into a fog of microdroplets inside the horizontal cooling passage.
The Grand Gallery of the Great Pyramid where the act of hauling was done, is the "Secret Hauling Cavern of the Underworld" described in the Amduat "Book of the Hidden Chamber".
The most important chamber of the Great Pyramid wasn't the King's chamber that only was the main water tank of the pyramid, but the Queen's chamber, the only one on the central axis of the pyramid. Because the Queen's chamber was inaccessible from the rest of the pyramid, it was glorified into the "Hidden Chamber of the Underworld" (Section 11), and because the Queen's chamber was the coolest place in the pyramid (about 5°C / 41°F), and with a constant 100% Humidity rate, this chamber was the one where the biggest amount of very hard salt encrustation had been documented by the first explorers of the pyramid in the 1800's and before it had been removed in 1998 by Zahi Hawass (Section 1). Very hard salt encrustation is the signature of the evaporative cooling process, even nowadays.
The most incredible thing is that pretty much everything I've just said, actually appears in one single myth, but it doesn't originate from ancient Egypt : it is the "Churning of the Ocean" Hindu myth that produces the immortal nectar Amrita. The fact is that the endless churning of water that ends up with the production of an elixir that gives eternal life, is exactly what were doing ancient Egyptians in the inclined well : natron was the salt used for the mummification of pharaohs.
Natron gave eternal life to pharaohs, just like the Amrita (Section 19).
The Pyramids of the Cold