The Pyramids of the Cold Section 29 • The Obelisk and the Benben stone

Egyptian Obelisk Benben Stone Bennu Bird Sun God Ra Rebirth Cleopatra Needle Ancient Egypt

Cleopatra’s Needle with Part of Alexandria taken from the North by “drawn on stone by from a sketch by Capt. Head.” Source: Eastern and Egyptian Scenery. 1833. Hathi Trust Digital Library online version of a copy in the Getty Research Institute:

Original book "Eastern and Egyptian scenery, ruins, &c. : accompanied with descriptive notes, maps, and plans, illustrative of a journey from India to Europe : followed by an outline of an overland route, statistical remarks, &c. intended to shew the advantage and practicability of steam navigation from England to India" by Charles Franklin Head. Online version by the Getty Research Institute; the Cleopatra's Needle image is on page 106 of 150:


The Pyramids of the Cold Section 29: the Obelisk and the rising Benben-Osiris stone

In summary: we've seen that the whole idea regarding the operation of the Great Pyramid of Giza is about the endless sequential cycle of pressurization of the inclined well waters by the fall of a composite impactor, and that this impactor had been glorified and deified into the two most important ancient Egyptian deities, Ra (the wooden "vessel" and floating part) and Osiris (the granite stone nested inside the wooden part and which gave all its power and force to the impactor).

We'll see in this section that this endless cycle of rising a granite stone into the air is precisely what the Obelisk is all about: the Benben stone, which is the pointing end of the Obelisk, often covered with gold or electrum, is a representation of what I've been calling the "Osiris stone".

Both stones are rising from the water: the Osiris stone is rising from the inclined well waters and the Benben stone is rising from the primordial waters before Creation. That is the confirmation that what ancient Egyptians called "Creation" was only really about the creation of the evaporative cold, or for what reason this cold was produced (Solvay process or not).

We'll see that if the Obelisk is also associated with Sun god Ra, it is because the endless cycle of the impactor's operating also looked like the endless cycle of the day. In other words, the Sun is the ultimate metaphor of the impactor. And when the impactor finally emerged inside the Grand Gallery (the day) from the dark waters of the well (the night) thanks to its wooden floating part Ra, this was seen as the Rebirth of Ra.

We'll also see that by associating herself with Isis, Cleopatra (the daughter of Isis) with the two Obelisks named after her, wanted to be seen as the powerful One who metaphorically was successfully rising the Benben stone (what I've been calling the "Osiris stone") at the very top of the Obelisk, hence getting the impactor ready for a new cycle to begin.

Finally, we'll see that this rising stone thing was one way or another the origin of the Coronation stone, (the "Stone of Destiny, or stone of Scone), that had been used for hundreds of years by Scottish monarchs and which will also be used by Charles III on Saturday, 6 May 2023 for his own Coronation. The Coronation of Charles III will also be his "elevation", so to speak. Charles III will rise as a King.


29.01  The petrified Sunbeam academic explanation of the Obelisk

The academic explanation of the Obelisk is that it is a glorification of the light coming from the Sun, deified into Sun god Ra; and the fact that the Obelisk structure is pointing towards the Sun, doesn't seem to be important at all, even if it results in pointing towards the exact opposite direction of what should be.

If the Obelisk is supposed to be a "petrified" beam of light from the Sun, it normally should point towards the ground, not the opposite; but the "logical" way of thinking isn't what seems to interest Egyptology, like we've already seen many times.

And yet, the "logical and systematic" scientific approach of the ancient Egyptian religion is sufficient to understand it in its entirety as well as in the Obelisk explanation itself. If the structure is pointing to the sky and if the Benben stone at its top is known to be the "rising" stone that emerged from primordial waters, there is actually very little work to do: the Obelisk is just that, the glorification of a stone which emerged from water.

Knowing that the Obelisk is also a glorification of Sun god Ra, it is only natural Egyptologists had failed to find the link between Ra and the rising stone; in this context, there probably wasn't better explanation than the petrified ray of light from the Sun.

The thing is that now, we know better; and in particular we know that the whole operation of the Great Pyramid was depending on one single piece of equipment: the impactor and its nested granite ballast block, the Osiris stone, which endlessly "crashed" into the inclined well waters before getting hauled back out of the well and start another ascension to the top of the Grand Gallery, just like the Sun during the day.

The Obelisk is simply that: the glorification of the endless cycle of ascension of the impactor, and its endless "rebirth" from the primordial waters of "creation"; except that "creation" is all about the production of the evaporative cold.


Egyptian Obelisk Benben Stone Bennu Bird Heron Sun God Ra Rebirth Cleopatra Needles Ancient Egypt


29.02  The 1st key: the Bennu bird deity and the Benben stone are representing the same thing

The first key to comprehend the real meaning of the Obelisk, is that just like there is no such thing as the "barque of Ra", because Ra is the "wooden barque" itself (as the wooden floating part of the impactor), there is no such thing as the Bennu bird nested onto the Benben stone, because the Bennu bird is only the deification of the Benben stone itself.

The Bennu bird is the deification of the Benben stone.

"The bird deity Bennu, which was probably the inspiration for the phoenix, was venerated at Heliopolis, where it was said to be living on the Benben stone or on the holy willow tree."

"The Bennu bird (the Egyptian phoenix) built its nest on top of the Benben stone […]".

"The Benben Stone was believed to be the beacon for the mythical Bennu Bird, a phoenix-like bird with beautiful red and golden feathers that sheltered in the Tree of Life, at Heliopolis. According to ancient Egyptian mythology the sacred Benben Stone emerged from the primeval waters at the beginning of creation and symbolized the Primeval mound."


Bennu Bird Benben Stone Atef Crown Osiris Ancient Egypt

The bennu bird, an ancient Egyptian deity often depicted as a heron wearing the atef crown. Based on New Kingdom tomb paintings, by Jeff Dahl:

The tomb of Irynefer, "Servant in the Place of Truth", TT 290 at Deir el-Medina, a necropolis workman of the Ramesside Period. Irynefer lived in the village in the 19th dynasty during the early part of Ramesses II's reign. Source unknown, but same than


29.03  The "double metaphorizing" process

Unfortunately, there is nothing to support that idea about Ra being equal to his barque, or the Bennu bird to the Benben stone; it is just something that has to be understood and assimilated, and surely ancient Egyptians have used this same encoding process over and over, in many different situations.

And this is so interesting, because it means that not only they have used metaphoric representations of their scientific knowledge and technological accomplishments (Isis for the central Hauling rope or the solar barque for the wooden impactor for example), but they have also used metaphoric representations of things or ideas that had already been "metaphorized" (precisely Ra and his barque, and the Bennu with the Benben stone).

Kind of a "double metaphorizing process" where metaphors can be played with and become a real art of some kind.


Ancient Egyptian Obelisk Cleopatra Needle Benben Stone Bennu Bird Sun God Ra Rebirth

Ancient Egyptian god Osiris by Jeff Dahl:

The bennu bird, an ancient Egyptian deity often depicted as a heron wearing the atef crown. Based on New Kingdom tomb paintings, by Jeff Dahl:


29.04  The 2nd Key: both the Bennu and the Benben stone are glorifications of what I've been calling the "Osiris stone"

The second key to comprehend the Obelisk is the fact that the Benben stone, because of the Atef crown of Osiris that the Bennu bird is often wearing (remember: the Bennu bird = the Benben stone), is what I've been calling the Osiris stone.

The Benben stone = the Osiris stone

"Because of the connection with Osiris, Bennu sometimes wears the Atef crown, instead of the solar disk."


29.05  Osiris represented "getting out" of the inclined well primordial waters

The iconic representation of Osiris, standing upright in a mummified position onto a blue painted "stand" with an inclined side is the ancient Egyptian way of describing Osiris, the granite stone weight constrained inside the hollowed out cavity of the wooden impactor.

But in my opinion, Osiris isn't represented getting out of the well (that is the meaning of the Obelisk), but getting inside the waters of the well. The clue for this, is the flail; because we've already seen that the flail is the representation of water projections spraying, not "all around", but specifically in the direction indicated by the "broken" part of the flail, probably "towards the back and the floor". Though its interpretation isn't easy at all, maybe in this particular representation of Osiris, the water splashes are about the impact, but it could also refer to the descent in the Grand Gallery.


Ancient Egyptian Obelisk Meaning Sun God Ra Cleopatra Needle Benben Stone Bennu Bird Sun

If Ra is represented into a falcon, it is because of its speed and the way it is hitting its prey at high velocity : "The peregrine falcon is renowned for its speed, reaching up to 320 km/h (200 mph) during its characteristic hunting stoop (high-speed dive), making the peregrine falcon the fastest member of the animal kingdom." Ra, as a falcon is all about this high-speed dive and the force of the impact with its prey. Source:

Ra-Horakhty is a combined deity of Horus and Ra, and is usually depicted as a falcon-headed man. Draw by Jeff Dahl:

Photograph of a high-speed diving falcon by Lassannn, on imgur and also at

Le réveil d'Osiris (the Awakening of Osiris) at the Exposition Osiris, Institut du Monde Arabe, by Gautier Poupeau

Skeleton infographic by the International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation:


29.06  The Bennu bird indeed really is Osiris... who "goes in like the Hawk and comes forth like the Bennu"

The following excerpts, including a passage of the Book of the Dead, are just like a gold mine, because not only it is confirming the idea that the Bennu bird is exactly the same thing than Osiris himself, but it is also perfectly metaphorically describing the entire operating cycle of the impactor: its high speed descent, and the marvelous resurection followed by the painstaking reascent:

"The bird was primarily associated with Atum and Re, but inevitably, its connection with rebirth came to associate it also with Osiris. In quoting from the Book of the Dead, Wallis Budge quotes a passage that reads, "I go in like the Hawk, and I come forth like the Bennu, the Morning Star (i.e., the planet Venus) of Ra; I am the Bennu which is in Heliopolis" and he goes on to say that the scholion on this passage expressly informs us that the Benu is Osiris. In essence, the Benu was considered a manifestation of the resurrected Osiris. […]  Sometimes, it was also depicted wearing the Atef Crown in its aspect as Osiris".


"I go in like the Hawk… and I come forth like the Bennu." is probably one of the most important excepts of all ancient Egyptian texts that we need for their deciphering.

• The high-speed descent of the impactor has been associated with the Hawk, (Section 23.36 to 23.39), because of its characteristic hunting stoop (high-speed drive reaching 320 km/h, 200 mph) used for hard-hitting hunting tactics: "I go in like the Hawk…"

• The slow and painstaking hauling process to rise the impactor from the well to the top of the Grand Gallery has been associated with the Heron, the Bennu bird, because of the laborious way it is taking flight from water: "… and I come forth like the Bennu."

• Right in between the fast descent and the painstaking ascent of the impactor, is the magnificent moment when it is coming back to the surface, it is when Ra (the "visible" wooden impactor) emerges from the darkness of the inclined waters, carrying Osiris (the granite stone) inside his own body.

That moment is the resurrection of Osiris: "In essence, the Benu was considered a manifestation of the resurrected Osiris".


Cleopatra Needle Egyptian Obelisk Benben Stone Bennu Bird King Charles Coronation Sun God Ra Rebirth Ancient Egypt


29.07  Operating diagram of the impactor's Hauling inside the Grand Gallery of the Great Pyramid (P4)

The other diagrams of the entire operating cycle of the Grand Gallery (P1 to P8) are available in Section 27 (the Memphis Triad)


29.08  When Ra becomes merged with Osiris, the Great "inert", "asleep" and "lethargic" Osiris, but who at the same time gives all his "force", "ramming power" and "energy" to Ra

The fact that Osiris is nothing but the glorification of what was the weight of the impactor, its ballast so to speak, is actually perfectly explaining one of his epithets: Osiris was seen as the "Great inert".

About Osiris' epithets: "The egyptologist W. Budge counts no less than forty of them. The Egyptians, always obsessed by their desire to reject death by any means, use metaphors or more or less explicit circumlocution to speak of Osiris and his state. The various Books of the Dead teem with them. One notices that the God never dead, he is asleep, he is apathetic, he is lethargic, etc. Here are some examples: "the great inert", "the king of those who are not", "the Lord of the living", "the master of eternity", "the one who governs Ro-Setau", "the first of the westerners".

 I need to point out that this "inert", "asleep" and "lethargic" Osiris, is the exact same one than the Osiris who is giving all his force, all his power and all his "ramming" energy to Ra: "Ra at this time becomes merged with Osiris, the judge of the dead, and Osiris is seen as the “corpse” and Ra as the “soul” of the single deity Ra-Osiris."

"Osiris' soul, or rather his Ba, was occasionally worshipped in its own right, almost as if it were a distinct god […] This aspect of Osiris was referred to as Banebdjedet. […] As Banebdjed, Osiris was given epithets such as Lord of the Sky and Life of the (sun god) Ra. Ba does not mean "soul" in the western sense, and has to do with power, reputation, force of character, especially in the case of a god. […] Since the ba was associated with power, and also happened to be a word for ram in Egyptian, Banebdjed was depicted as a ram, or as Ram-headed." (in the "Ram god" section).


Cleopatra Queen Ancient Egypt Obelisk Needles New York London

Painting of Cleopatra by John William Waterhouse (1849–1917):

One of the two Obelisks named after Cleopatra, the Cleopatra's Needles. Here is the one that is in New-York today, photographed in 1880 by Gorringe, Henry H. (Henry Honeychurch), 1841-1885:


29.09  Cleopatra hidden inside a rolled carpet is only a metaphor of the rolled Isis rope

Now, listen carefully because it is getting completely crazy. Some of the most important things we know about Cleopatra are:

• The fact that she referred to herself as the daughter of Isis

• The two Obelisks named after her: Cleopatra's Needles

• The famous scene of Cleopatra emerging from an unrolled rug, popularized by playwright George Bernard Shaw


And the crazy thing is that they all are connected, because of Isis.

Of course, the Obelisks are the glorification of Ra, and as we've just seen, also the glorification of Osiris through the Benben stone and the Bennu bird Heron; but the Osiris stone isn't risen by pure magic, the stone and the impactor are hauled by the Hauling beetle and that is the central Hauling rope deified into Isis which is transferring all the Beetle's power to the impactor.

In other words, this is Isis who is rising the Osiris stone, and the Benben stone by definition. The Obelisk is also the glorification of Isis, and this is why Cleopatra, daughter of Isis, built her Needle Obelisks.

And it doesn't stop here, because in Cleopatra's play and movie, she is supposed to be hidden inside a rolled carpet, and even if it is said that this is only a pure "tweaked account" for "dramatic effect", I strongly disagree: the whole "Cleopatra hidden in the rolled carpet" thing is way too close to be a perfect metaphor of the rolled Isis Hauling rope not to be true.


I said this part is crazy, but isn't it also beautiful? In my opinion, the way the true original nature of the Isis Hauling central rope still survives in Cleopatra's "rolled carpet" scene in our modern culture, is nearly as beautiful as the way the inclined well of the Great Pyramid still survives in our modern representation of the heart's shape.

Cleopatra's rug metaphor is absolutely perfect, because the same way Cleopatra is "revealed" by unrolling the rug, the Isis rope was also "revealed" by unrolling the Nephthys rope. Anyway, thank you Cleopatra, your highness!

More on Isis in Section 23: the impactor Ra and the squeaky Isis Hauling rope


"The famous scene of Cleopatra emerging from an unrolled rug, popularized by playwright George Bernard Shaw, is based on an ancient account but tweaked for dramatic effect. The anecdote is one example of many contrasts between this famous queen’s image and her life as we know it today. In truth, Cleopatra enlisted the services of a trusted servant to carry her, bundled in dirty laundry, past palace guards and into Julius Caesar’s presence."  Bob Bianchi, Fondation Gandur pour l’Art, Genève:

Here is an excerpt about the plot of the play: " Cleopatra emerges from the palace, shows little interest in the carpets, and expresses a desire to visit Caesar at the lighthouse. The sentinel tells her she is a prisoner and orders her back inside the palace. Cleopatra is enraged, and Apollodorus, as her champion, engages in swordplay with the sentinel. A centurion intervenes and avers Cleopatra will not be allowed outside the palace until Caesar gives the order. She is sent back to the palace, where she may select a carpet for delivery to Caesar. Apollodorus, who is not a prisoner, will deliver it since he is free to travel in areas behind the Roman lines. He hires a small boat, with a single boatmen, for the purpose. The porters leave the palace bearing a rolled carpet. They complain about its weight, but only Ftatateeta [Cleopatra's nurse], suffering paroxysms of anxiety, knows that Cleopatra is hidden in the bundle."


Bennu Bird Heron Benben Stone Atef Crown Osiris Ancient Egypt

"Heron taking flight, trailing a little water with its feet", North Norfolk, May 2015. Photographed by Shieladixon:


29.10  The Bennu bird indeed really is Osiris according to the Book of the Dead

The slow and painstaking hauling process to rise the impactor from the waters of the well to the top of the Grand Gallery has been associated with the Heron, the Bennu bird, because of the laborious way it is taking flight from any kinds of waters: "… and I come forth like the Bennu."

The impactor getting back to the surface of the inclined well, explains both the "resurrection of Osiris" and Ra's rebirth.

"The bird was primarily associated with Atum and Re, but inevitably, its connection with rebirth came to associate it also with Osiris. In quoting from the Book of the Dead, Wallis Budge quotes a passage that reads, "I go in like the Hawk, and I come forth like the Bennu, the Morning Star (i.e., the planet Venus) of Ra; I am the Bennu which is in Heliopolis" and he goes on to say that the scholion on this passage expressly informs us that the Benu is Osiris. In essence, the Benu was considered a manifestation of the resurrected Osiris. […]  Sometimes, it was also depicted wearing the Atef Crown in its aspect as Osiris".


Obelisk Benben Stone Bennu Heron Bird Sun God Ra Metaphor Rebirth Cleopatras Needle Ancient Egypt

"I go in like the Hawk… and I come forth like the probably one of the most important excepts of all ancient Egyptian texts that we need for their deciphering, and it is all about the operation of the impactor of the Great Pyramid of Giza.


29.11  Sun god Ra's perfect metaphor of the endless cycle of operation of the impactor

Sun god Ra is finally exactly like god of the Nile Hapi and all the other ancient Egyptian deities: just another metaphor; and a very good one, since everybody thinks for more than 200 years now, that Egyptians simply worshiped the Sun, assuming they had seen in the Sun some kind of magical demonstration of the gods.

But it doesn't fit what ancient Egyptians really were: you don't worship something you understand to perfection, and this is exactly what they've done with the Sun; they have perfectly mastered the Sun.

In particular, it is the ancient Egyptians who built the entire way we are using today to place ourselves into time: Egyptians invented the 365 days in a year, and the 24 hours in a day system.

The Sun didn't have any mystery at all for them, they used the Sun as a tool to rhythm their lives; they certainly wouldn't have worship a simple tool, instead they used the tool in another way, a metaphoric way.

Sun god Ra is the ultimate metaphor of the impactor's operating: when the impactor finally emerged inside the Grand Gallery (the day) from the dark waters of the inclined well (the night) thanks to its wooden floating part Ra, this was seen as the Rebirth of Ra, and he could then start a new ascent, before settling down and reborn again and again…

"The ancient Egyptian calendar – a civil calendar – was a solar calendar with a 365-day year. The year consisted of three seasons of 120 days each, plus an intercalary month of five epagomenal days treated as outside of the year proper. Each season was divided into four months of 30 days. These twelve months were initially numbered within each season but came to also be known by the names of their principal festivals."

"Despite Herodotus's attribution of the invention of the sundial to the Babylonians in 430 BCE, the earliest known sundials were simple gnomons of Egyptian origin invented around 3500 BCE. More complex devices were developed over time, the earliest surviving one is a limestone sundial that dates back to 1500 BCE, discovered in the Valley of the Kings in 2013. It was found in a housing area of construction workers and its division of daytime into 12 parts was possibly used to measure work hours."


Cleopatra Needle Sun God Ra Obelisk Ancient Egypt Benben Stone Bennu Bird Day Night Rebirth

Parts of the day diagram, edited from


29.12  The part of the Obelisk underneath the Benben stone pyramidion literally doesn't stand for anything

What needs to be pointed out, is that if we know a lot of things about the pyramidion Benben stone, and in particular the fact that this pointed part was most of the time, or every time covered with gold or electrum, and unless I'm mistaken, nothing is known about the part underneath that stone and it had never been documented that it was covered with gold or anything else for that matter.

The reason is simple: if the Obelisk was a petrified ray of light, the entire structure would be covered with a shinny material, not just the top end; but because this whole lower part (maybe about 95% of the entire mass of the Obelisk) is just here so that the Benben stone would stay up in the air, it simply literally doesn't stand for anything but air.

Why would anyone cover air with gold or anything else?


Osiris Death Bed Bricks Resurrection God of Fertility and Agriculture Afterlife Cleopatra Obelisk Ancient Egypt

Osiris has been identified with Fertility and Agriculture, because hidden in his wooden cradle coffin, he would have looked like a seed, just waiting for germination. "Epigeal vs. hypogeal germination", by Kat1992: Ancient Egyptian god Osiris by Jeff Dahl:


29.13  The resurrection of Osiris as the god of fertility and agriculture: the seed metaphor

If we try to imagine how ancient Egyptians could have seen Osiris, completely invisible because hidden inside the wooden coffin and constantly thrown and immersed into the waters of the inclined well, it could have been seen like a seed that would have been just planted into the soil and regularly watered.

Just like the seed contains all the force of the future plant, Osiris contains all the power of the impactor.

Hidden in the wooden cradle Ra, Osiris would have been associated with a well watered seed, just planted into the soil, preparing itself for germination, and Osiris would have become the god of fertility and agriculture.


Osiris Germinating Bed Bennu Bird Heron

Germinating beds of Osiris at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New-York. "Beginning in Dynasty 18, beds were made on which soil was molded into the shape of the god of regeneration and ruler of the dead, Osiris. Thickly sown with grain and kept moist until the grain sprouted and grew, then left to dry again, these figures were created as part of a ritual carried out in association with the Osirian Festival of Khoiak. They magically expressed the concept of life springing from death, symbolizing the resurrection of Osiris.


29.14  The resurrection of Osiris and his germinating beds

The germinating wooden beds of Osiris, or bricks of Osiris,  are the perfect illustration of the Seed metaphor used for Osiris to make him the god of fertility and agriculture. Not only the shape of Osiris is perfectly respected in order to duplicate the original granite stone perfectly nested into the wooden cradle, but the endless cycle of the impactor inside the inclined well, then outside the well, is also duplicated: first you keep the seeds moist until germination, and then you let the sprouted grain dry.

It is important to note that the goal is not to let grow the grain: as soon as the grain has sprouted, it will die because it will be left to dry.


Obelisk in Islamic Cemetery Graves Tombstone Headstone

Obelisk marking the graves of Knoxville railroad magnate Charles McClung McGhee (1828–1907) and family at Old Gray Cemetery in Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. Photographed by Brian Stansberry:

Islamic cemetery in Sarajevo, by Tiia Monto:


29.15  The resurrection of Osiris and the headstone Obelisks in cemeteries

This association of the resurrected Osiris with the Obelisk and the Bennu bird, ("Benu was considered a manifestation of the resurrected Osiris"), is also priceless because it explains perfectly both the germinating beds of Osiris and the so many Obelisks that have been erected as headstones and grave markers in European and Islamic cemeteries.

Clearly these Obelisks can't be explained by the academic vision: how could they be related to a "petrified ray of Sunlight" ?

"In Egyptian mythology, the obelisk symbolized the sun god Ra, and during the religious reformation of Akhenaten it was said to have been a petrified ray of the Aten, the sundisk."

"In France and other European countries, monuments to the dead, such as headstones and grave markers, were very often given a form of obelisks, but they are of more modest size. The practice is also still widespread in the Islamic world."


Great Pyramid of Giza Pharaoh Khufu Kheops Operating Diagram for Evaporative Cold Production Cleopatra Isis Ancient Egypt


29.16  The operating diagram of the Great Pyramid of Egypt for evaporative cold production

The Great Pyramid internal layout is what ancient Egyptians glorified into the Underworld, where was located the "Mysterious Cavern of the Sacred act of Towing". No modification since 2022, November 18.


King Charles III Coronation Chair with Destiny Stone of Scone Westminster Abbey

King Edward's Chair, Westminster Abbey, England; by Kjetil Bjørnsrud:

The Stone of Scone in the Coronation Chair at Westminster Abbey (photo c. 1875 – c. 1885), Cornell University Library @ Flickr Commons:


29.17  The Stone of Destiny

Now, this is getting very interesting, because we 're gonna find out why the coronation of Charles III, which will take place Saturday, 6 May 2023, will require a 152 kg stone inserted inside the Coronation chair itself.

This stone, the "Destiny stone", also the "Stone of Scone*", often referred to in England as "The Coronation Stone", is an oblong block of red sandstone that has been used for centuries in the coronation of the monarchs of Scotland. It is also known as Jacob's Pillow Stone and the Tanist Stone, and as clach-na-cinneamhain in Scottish Gaelic. Source:

*Historically, the artefact was kept at the now-ruined Scone Abbey in Scone, near Perth, Scotland.

Monarchs used to sit on the Stone of Scone itself until a wooden platform was added to the Coronation Chair in the 17th century. Its size is 26 inches (66 cm) by 16.7 inches (42 cm) by 10.5 inches (26.7 cm) and its weight is approximately 335 lb (152 kg). A roughly incised cross is on one surface, and an iron ring at each end aids with transport. In 1996, the British Government decided to return the stone to Scotland, when not in use at coronations, and it was transported to Edinburgh Castle, where it is now kept with the Scottish Crown Jewels.


29.18  The Stone of Destiny and the Egyptian Coronation ceremonies

The Stone of Destiny is an oblong block of red sandstone and usually refers to the Scottish coronation stone as residing in the monastery of Scone. The possible connection between the two is interesting as the Ben-ben stone in Heliopolis also played a role in the Egyptian coronation ceremonies."


29.19  The Stone of Scone's uncertain history

There are so many theories and legends existing about the stone's history prior to its placement in Scone, that it is fair to say we don't know nothing about it.

"One story concerns Fergus, son of Erc, the first King of the Scots (r. c.  498 – 501) in Scotland, whose transport of the Stone from Ireland to Argyll, where he was crowned on it, was recorded in a 15th-century chronicle. Some versions identify the stone brought by Fergus with the Lia Fáil (Irish for "stone of destiny") used at Tara for inaugurating the High Kings of Ireland. Other traditions contend that the Lia Fáil remains at Tara. (Inis Fáil, "The Island of Destiny", is one of the traditional names of Ireland.) Other legends place the origins of the Stone in Biblical times and identify it as the Stone of Jacob, taken by Jacob from Bethel while on the way to Haran (Genesis 28:10–22). This very same Stone of Jacob was then supposedly taken to ancient Ireland by the prophet Jeremiah."

"Contradicting these legends, geologists have proven that the stone taken by Edward I of England to Westminster is a "lower Old Red Sandstone", which was quarried in the vicinity of Scone. Doubts over the authenticity of the stone at Westminster have existed for a long time: a blog post by retired Scottish academic and writer of historical fiction, Marie MacPherson, shows that they date back at least two hundred years."


The only thing we know for sure is that the tradition in which Monarchs used to sit on a very particular stone, apparently red in color, is both extremely ancient and originating in the northern part of Great Britain, whether it is coming from Scotland or Ireland.

"The Stone of Scone (Gaelic: Lia Fail), also known as the Stone of Destiny or Coronation Stone, is a block of sandstone associated with the coronation ceremonies of the medieval monarchs of Scotland. These ceremonies were held at Scone, a prehistoric site in Perthshire, although the precise use of the stone is not known. In a deliberate act of political propaganda, the Stone of Scone was removed from Scotland by Edward I of England (r. 1272-1307) who made it a part of the English Coronation Chair in Westminster Abbey. The stone was finally returned to Scotland in 1996 and now resides in Edinburgh Castle."


Viking Norse Expansion Settlement Scotland

Guests from Overseas (1901) by Nicholas Roerich, depicting a Viking raid:,_Guests_from_Overseas.jpg

Map of the kingdom of Mann and the Isles, nearly the end of eleventh century and showing the Norse colonization in Scotland:


29.20 The (hypothetical) Norse origin of the Coronation stone

If I have no doubt on the interpretation of the Benben stone and the Coronation stone, there is one point which is still uncertain, and it is "how" the whole thing about the rising stone of the Great Pyramid got to Scotland (or Ireland if it is the origin of the Stone of Scone).

What we can find on the internet is that this is a real stone that came to Scotland from Israel and passing through Egypt, but I have some doubt that anyone would bother to travel such a long distance with such a heavy stone. It is something I can understand for a small and light stone, but the Coronation stone is about 152 kg; would the "sentimental" value of that stone overcome the difficulty of the trip? Maybe, actually.

But I have another suggestion, and it really is just a suggestion: there is no stone coming from Israel and passing through Egypt, but instead the idea of the stone and coming directly from Egypt.

In my opinion, it is not by accident that the Coronation "elevation" stone has come up in Scotland, because we've already seen in Section 22 "Thor and the Mist of Cold from the Well of Hvergelmir", that the entire Norse mythology has been constructed on the operation of the Great Pyramid, and in particular that Thor and his magical hammer was nothing else than the reinterpretation of the impactor. At the time, I didn't know about the ancient Egyptian god Medjed "the Smiter" (le "cogneur", le "frappeur"), associated with both Osiris and Hapi, but now we can say that Thor is the Norse version of Medjed.

The key here, is the Viking expansion that allowed them to be in contact with ancient Egyptians, and the Scandinavian Scotland when Vikings and Norse settlers colonised part of Scotland from the 8th to the 15th centuries.

I may be wrong, but the Norse origin of the Coronation stone is way more likely than the academic explanation, and you can agree on that only if you accept the real purpose of the Great Pyramid, and the fact that the Norse god Thor endlessly hammering down a great Serpent in water, or the Norse fog of cold coming from a magical well are all mythology replicas originating in ancient Egypt.

"Viking expansion was the historical movement which led Norse explorers, traders and warriors, the latter known in modern scholarship as Vikings, to sail most of the North Atlantic, reaching south as far as North Africa and east as far as Russia, and through the Mediterranean as far as Constantinople and the Middle East, acting as looters, traders, colonists and mercenaries."

"Scandinavian Scotland was the period from the 8th to the 15th centuries during which Vikings and Norse settlers, mainly Norwegians and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, and their descendants colonised parts of what is now the periphery of modern Scotland."


Jacob Ladder to Heaven Angels Israel Stone of Destiny Scone Coronation King Charles III

"The ladders to Heaven (figure 24). Angels seen ascending and descending the ladder between Heaven and Earth. This is said to be a symbolic representation of the Bishop Oliver King’s vision of the western front that he saw in a dream. However, this was a ruse created by Sir John Harington to raise funds for Bath Abbey’s roof a century after the Bishop’s death." Photograph by by ‘Deyemi Akande, 2016 H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellow:

Images thanks to Brian Robert Marshall:, and,


29.21  The Stone of Destiny's ascending and descending angels onto the celestial Jacob's ladder to Heaven

The following excerpt is totally confirming the idea that the Coronation "Destiny" stone is all about the Osiris stone and its operation: " For a rather nondescript slab of sandstone, the Stone of Destiny comes with a remarkable baggage of myth and folklore. According to the legend, the stone was the very one which Jacob - the ancestor of the people of Israel - used as a pillow when he was in Bethel (a city north of Jerusalem) and experienced a vision of angels ascending and descending a celestial ladder to heaven.

It is mentioned that the ancestors of the people of Israel experienced a vision of "ascending and descending angels" associated (in some ways) with the Stone of Destiny; and it is also mentioned a mysterious "celestial ladder" to Heaven.

It is a cute story, but don't you think it would be a beautiful metaphoric vision of the impactor's operation?

Because I just assume these angels had wings, right? Just like the Hawk (the descending impactor) and the Heron (the ascending impactor). Also, if you are an angel (with wings), why would you need a ladder?

But on the other way, wouldn't be a ladder with its numerous rungs be a perfect metaphor of the sequential and painstaking rising and hauling of the impactor, latch bolt after latch bolt for maybe about 10 to 15 minutes of hard work?


Stone of Destiny Scotland Charles Scone Jacobs Ladder to Heaven Angels Israel People

Jacob's Dream by William Blake (c. 1805, British Museum, London):


29.22  Another similarity between a modern monotheist religion and the ancient Egyptian religion

Jacob's Ladder isn't the first time in this study that I stumble on something which links the ancient Egyptian religion with modern ones: we've seen this in Section 24.28 and 24.29 (the Christian Trinity and Baptism into water and the Haïk, the traditional women's garment that is worn in the Maghreb region and that only let the eyes of the women visible).

This idea of a common history between these three modern religions, which would have their roots deeply anchored into the ancient Egyptian religion is absolutely not crazy, because not only Judaism, Christianity and Islam, worship the same god, but they also have all been unified until Abraham came into play, either in Egypt or on the way to Egypt (Abraham's Journey to Egypt).

"The three religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam readily fit the definition of monotheism, which is to worship one god while denying the existence of other gods. But, the relationship of the three religions is closer than that: They claim to worship the same god. While Judaism gave that god a name, “Yahweh,” both Christianity and Islam simply refer to him as “God” -- in Arabic, Islam’s founding language, “Allah” means “The God.”

The three religions trace their origins back to Abraham, who, in Genesis, had humanity’s first relationship with God after the failures of Noah’s flood and the Tower of Babel. Judaism and Christianity trace their tie to Abraham through his son Isaac, and Islam traces it through his son Ishmael.

If Abraham represents a point at which the religions diverge, they are unified up to that moment. That unity goes back to Adam, the first human being, and his creation by God. Each of the three religions reveres Adam and honors him as the first person, centering key theological elements on God’s creation of humanity through Adam. God is the father of humanity and the father of each religion." By Paul V.M. Flesher,the%20existence%20of%20other%20gods.



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