The Pyramids of the Cold v2 • Section 49 When the 'Lady of the Well' Taweret plug finally moves and becomes 'Mother of Fire' magical Opet: the sparkling rocks metaphor

Taweret Opet Plug of the inclined Well Great Pyramid of Giza Egypt John Morton Edgar

On the above photograph taken by Morton Edgar (around 1910), his brother John Edgar is scrutinizing what probably was the most important block of the Great Pyramid’s operation for evaporative cold production: the plug of the inclined well. Here, the plug is at the location where it ended after it had been propelled a few meters down of its original position consecutively to the initialization of the draining of the well procedure: the block has been ‘forced’ to move when the upper part of the Bes anchor block has been broken by an increase in the water height, pressurizing both the Taweret plug and the Bes anchor block. Once dislodged from its original operating position, the plug had to be stopped by a shock absorber block and this is why the two upper blocks of the ‘granite plug’ of the ‘ascending passage’ are still stuck together today: the upper granite block had literally been immobilized by the lower one.

But, if the plug of the well has been glorified into the hippopotamus goddess of childbirth Taweret because just like a hippopotamus, the plug of the well was always under water, what John Edgar is looking at isn’t Taweret anymore: the block has become Opet, the other hippopotamus goddess known as 'the Mother of Fire’, because when the plug did hit the shock absorber block, it would have looked like two gigantic sparkling rocks trying to make fire.

Original photograph of the upper granite plug of the Great Pyramid of Egypt: "Great Pyramid Passages”, volume 1, by John and Morton Edgar (1910), page 173: https://archive.org/details/GreatPyramidPassagesVol11910Edition/page/n181/mode/2up?view=theater

This particular image is available on Wikipedia: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:49_edgar.jpg

 

The Pyramids of the Cold v2 (May 2023 – June 2024) • The Magicians of the Great Pyramid

Section 49 • The ancient Egyptian hippopotamus goddess of childbirth and 'Lady of the well' Taweret

Taweret Opet ancient Egyptian goddess Hippopotamus with Crocodile on Back

Avant-propos: we’ve already seen many times that ancient Egyptians have represented and glorified many parts of the Great Pyramid’s operation into many different deities, depending on either what precise characteristic they wanted to emphasize, or in what particular point of the global operating cycle this part was about, like the many representations of the two central hauling ropes (the active and ascending Isis, the inactive and coiled upon the drive shaft Seshat, the descending Nephthys), or the many visions of the impactor (Horus, Ra, Osiris, bulls, rams, falcons…). In this Section, we’ll see that the exact same process has been used for what I’ve been calling until today, the ‘Taweret block’, the ‘upper granite plug’ which sealed what I’ve called the ‘inclined well’.

What I didn’t realize, is that this Taweret block, the plug of the inclined well, was also engaged into some kind of operating cycle, because of the way the well has been drained.

You know Taweret is probably my favorite goddess, and it is probably mostly because of how it got associated with the Bes temporary anchor block: once the Great Pyramid had accomplished its purpose, the Taweret block has been beautifully ‘moved’ to the position it still has today, only a few meters away from its original position which can be very precisely determined by what is left of the Bes anchor block (the little granite insert in the bottom part of the floor of the ascending passage).

What it means, is that ancient Egyptians wouldn’t have deified this huge granite block (the so-called upper granite plug of the ascending passage) into the only hippopotamus goddess Taweret: they would certainly have created at least one more goddess which wouldn’t be about the time when the Pyramid was operating, but when the Pyramid had to be shut down and the inclined well drained of all its water.

This post is about the other hippopotamus goddesses of ancient Egypt, Opet and all the metaphors that have been used to represent the fact that at some point:

• the Taweret plug had to move and slide inside the ‘empty’ or ‘dry’ bottom end of the first ascending passage

• the Taweret plug had to be stopped before destroying the very bottom of the passage

We’ll see that the reason why the hippopotamus goddess Opet is associated with fire, it is because when the Taweret plug did ram and hit the shock absorber block (the middle granite plug of the passage), the immobilized Taweret had actually been transformed into the moving Opet and the tremendous shock would have looked like two gigantic rocks struck together, just like you do when you want to start a fire only using sparkling rocks.

 

Taweret Goddess Childbirth Hippopotamus San Diego Zoo

49.01  The big and heavy grey hippopotamus who loves to stay put under water all day long

If you’ve already read some of The Pyramids of the Cold, you know goddess Taweret is probably my favorite one, simply because the metaphor that has been used to glorify the plug of the inclined well into the hippopotamus animal is so cute. It is both simple, beautiful, poetic and very efficient. The plug of the well would have looked like a big grey hippopotamus under water.

But this is only one part of Taweret, the hippopotamus goddess. The other part being that Taweret is the goddess of Childbirth, just like Neith is also the goddess of Childbirth (previous Section 48, Neith and the chainsaw metaphor, because just like we did invent chainsaw in our modern Era, as a medical tool used for women giving birth in difficult conditions, ancient Egyptians did the exact same thing 4,500 years ago).

So, if Neith is the goddess of Childbirth because of the chainsaw metaphor, why is Taweret also the goddess of Childbirth? Until today, I only thought it was because of the draining of the well metaphor: when Taweret did move, the waters of the well were drained out of the well, just like the water of the amniotic sac when women are giving birth.

I wasn’t actually completely wrong, but I completely missed the most important part of the problem. But again, nor I am an engineer, nor I am a physician; so the answers are coming to me very slowly and painstakingly. Because if it is said that Taweret was protecting both the baby and the mother, it simply couldn’t be as easy as the water coming out of the amniotic sac.

Hippopotamus amphibius under water in San Diego Zoo, by cloudzilla: hippopotamus_in_San_Diego_Zoo.jpg

 

Great Pyramid of Egypt Giza Granite Plug Ascending Passage Khufu Sarcophagus Robbers

Photograph of the cavity of Al-Ma'mun, showing the Taweret/Opet plug [block A] and the upper part of the shock absorber [block B]: Plate LXIV, page 166 of "Great Pyramid Passages", Volume 1, by John and Morton Edgar, 1910. Excerpt about this plate written by Morton Edgar: “In order to reach the upper end of the Granite Plug, and so ascend the First Ascending Passage, we require to scale the south-east wall of this cavernous space. During my first week here, I secured two photographs showing Hadji Ali Gabri climbing this wall — Plates LXIV and LXV. In both of these he is seen standing "with one foot on a ledge which is situated about three feet above the loose, sandy floor of the space, and the other in a notch. By taking advantage of this ledge and of the notches, we made the ascent at that time without undue difficulty.” https://archive.org/details/GreatPyramidPassagesVol11910Edition/page/n174/mode/1up

The cavity of Al-Ma'mun only served the purpose of collecting the waters of the inclined well for the shutdown procedure of the pyramid. The water has been collected and redirected through the funnel-shaped cavity towards the descending passage for evacuation. The draining of the well has been triggered by the breaking of the wedging block (a block glorified afterwards in the Bes deity), and which ended with the release of the Taweret plug of the well.

 

49.02  Taweret was also known as the ‘Lady of the well’

I doubt very much many egyptologists ever tried to explain why the goddess of childbirth Taweret was also known as the ‘Lady of the well’. The funny thing is that if ancient Egyptians used thousands of metaphors to glorify their scientific and technological accomplishments to create their ‘religion’, this ‘Lady of the well’ thing isn’t even a metaphor: we really have to take it literally, and of course the well is the inclined well of the Great Pyramid.

"Of the twelve objects within this catalogue that include hieroglyphic epithets of Taweret… three of them make clear mention of her role as a goddess of water. While it is not unthinkable that a hippopotamus goddess should be associated with water, it is still quite unusual that a quarter of all epithets of the goddess which survive from Deir el-Medina feature this role so heavily. The epithets preserved in Deir el-Medina refer to “the pure water”, “lady of the well” and "Taweret, who is in the midst of the purification waters of Nun”. "The Hippopotamus of Deir el-Medina",  page 30, by Anneke Stracke: https://studenttheses.universiteitleiden.nl/access/item%3A2624829/view

 

Operating Diagram of the Great Pyramid of Egypt Giza for Evaporative Cold Production June 15 2024

Operating diagram of the Great Pyramid of Giza for evaporative cold production by flash evaporation (through production of both pressurized water and pressurized air), showing the crucial role of the lower end of the inclined well, with the Taweret plug of the well just waiting to be forced down to trigger the draining of the waters of the well towards the subterranean chamber through the Al-Ma’mun cavity. Diagram last updated June 15, 2024.

 

Mucus Plug Goddess of Childbirth Taweret ancient Egypt

49.03  Taweret was the goddess of childbirth because of the mucus plug metaphor: the mucus plug protects the fetus in the amniotic fluid just like the plug of the inclined well protected the impactor in the water of the well

Bus guess what: do you know when the water is getting out of the amniotic sac? Well, my friend, the water is getting out when what is called the ‘mucus plug’ is ‘pushed out’ of the entrance of the uterus, into the vagina. And of course, this is the explanation. The mucus plug is the explanation, because the mucus plug protects both the mother and the baby.

“In a normal pregnancy, the mucus plug acts as a barrier at the entrance of the uterus to protect the fetus. If no complication occurs, it remains there until labor. When labor begins, the pregnant woman starts losing the mucus plug slowly.” Mucus plug and water breaking, by By Sara Salgado B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist) and Sandra Fernández B.A., M.A. (fertility counselor): https://www.invitra.com/en/amniotic-fluid-leakage/mucus-plug-and-water-breaking/

What is a mucus plug? Your mucus plug is a thick piece of mucus that blocks the opening of your cervix during pregnancy. It forms a seal to prevent bacteria and infection from getting into your uterus and reaching the fetus. You can think of it as a protective barrier between your vagina and your uterus. An increase in pregnancy hormones like progesterone form the mucus plug. You can only form this plug when you’re pregnant. You’ll lose your mucus plug as your cervix begins to dilate (open) and efface (soften and thin) in preparation for labor and delivery.”

“Why do you lose your mucus plug? As your body prepares for labor, your cervix begins to soften, thin and open. This causes the mucus plug to dislodge from your cervix. The mucus is pushed out into your vagina. You may see it in your underwear or on toilet paper. This is considered losing your mucus plug.” https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/symptoms/21606-mucus-plug

Mucus plug illustration: https://vilamaterna.com/en/mucus-plug-or-discharge/

 

Taweret Egyptian Goddess of Childbirth Mucus Plug

49.04  Taweret was known as ‘She Who Removes Water' because of the amniotic fluid

Of course, now that we know the real meaning of Taweret and the real metaphor about the mucus plug which once released is followed by the water breaking out of the amniotic sac, we also perfectly understand one particular and specific epithet of Taweret, who was known as ‘She who removes water’.

 “In Ancient Egyptian religion, Taweret (Ancient Egyptian: tꜣ-wrt, also spelled Taurt, Tuat, Tuart, Ta-weret, Tawaret, Twert and Taueret, and in Ancient Greek: Θουέρις, romanized: Thouéris, Thoeris, Taouris and Toeris) is the protective ancient Egyptian goddess of childbirth and fertility. The name "Taweret" means "she who is great" or simply "great one", a common pacificatory address to dangerous deities. The deity is typically depicted as a bipedal female hippopotamus with feline attributes, pendulous female human breasts, the limbs and paws of a lion, and the back and tail of a Nile crocodile. She commonly bears the epithets "Lady of Heaven", "Mistress of the Horizon", "She Who Removes Water", "Mistress of Pure Water", and "Lady of the Birth House". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taweret

Mucus plug illustration by A.D.A.M. Animated Dissection of Anatomy for Medicine, Inc.: https://ssl.adam.com/content.aspx?productid=617&pid=3&gid=100198&site=makatimed.adam.com&login=MAKA1603

 

Fetus Baby in Uterus Amniotic sac Water Breaking Maurice Gervais

49.05  Taweret was known as ‘Lady of the birth house’ because the 'birth house' is the uterus itself

And of course, when it is said that Taweret was the ‘Lady of the birth house’, and knowing that she was all about the mucus plug, we then also know what really is the ‘birth house’: the uterus itself.

 

49.06  Taweret ‘Lady of heaven’ because of the vagina

I’ll just emphasize here the fact that the mucus plug is separating the uterus from the vagina… so:

• if the uterus is called ‘the birth house’

• and the mucus plug (Taweret) is separating the uterus from the vagina

• then, Taweret ‘Lady of heaven’

• means that ‘heaven’ has to be the vagina itself

And just to be sure that everyone is on the same page, I’m not the one saying that the vagina is heaven, ancient Egyptians did. If it does sound sexist, I apologize, but I’m not the one to complain to.

Illustration of a fetus in the uterus, by Maurice Gervais. Fetus’s environment”, Institut national de santé publique du Québec: https://www.inspq.qc.ca/en/tiny-tot/pregnancy/fetus/fetus-s-environment

 

Imhotep First Physician Doctor in History Edwin Smith Papyrus

“The Edwin Smith papyrus, the world's oldest surviving surgical document. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1600 B.C., the text describes anatomical observations and the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of 48 types of medical problems in exquisite detail. Among the treatments described are closing wounds with sutures, preventing and curing infection with honey and moldy bread, stopping bleeding with raw meat, and immobilization of head and spinal cord injuries. Translated in 1930, the document reveals the sophistication and practicality of ancient Egyptian medicine. Recto Column 6 (right) and 7 (left) of the papyrus, pictured here, discuss facial trauma.”

"Authorship of the Edwin Smith Papyrus is debated. The majority of the papyrus was written by one scribe, with only small sections copied by a second scribe. The papyrus ends abruptly in the middle of a line, without any inclusion of an author. It is believed that the papyrus is an incomplete copy of an older reference manuscript from the Old Kingdom, evidenced by archaic grammar, terminology, form and commentary. James Henry Breasted speculates - but emphasises that this is pure conjecture based on no evidence - that the original author might be Imhotep, an architect, high priest, and physician of the Old Kingdom, 3000–2500 BCE." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Smith_Papyrus

 

Imhotep Polymath Mummification Ancient Egypt Heart and Kidneys Organs Mummy Deceased Pharaoh Left inside the Body

49.07  Without the extended knowledge of Imhotep (Dynasty 3 and 4) in anatomy, physiology and medicine there wouldn't be any possible metaphor in these particular fields

Just like Leonardo da Vinci had many painters working for him, Imhotep would have had hundreds of people working for him in all fields of knowledge like engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, medicine and of course in literature: it has to be Imhotep who supervised the elaboration of the entire design of the Great Pyramid, and it has to be Imhotep who initiated the elaboration of the entire glorification process, otherwise there couldn’t have been so many anatomical and medical metaphors.

In short, Imhotep designed everything, but was certainly dead when the construction of the Great Pyramid really began. Of course, this is the reason why Imhotep has been one of the very few non-royal person to be ever deified and worshiped in ancient Egypt: he was the real Mastermind behind all the magic that happened in the Great Pyramid.

Example: the role of the kidneys (the filtering organs of the human body) in Section 27 "The Guide to the Afterlife"

 

Taweret Opet Hippopotamus with Crocodile ancient Egyptian goddess of Childbirth Lady of Heaven

Image of the hippopotamus goddess Taweret/Opet from ‘The Book of the Faiyum’, “the modern name of a text that describes the Faiyum oasis as the mythical center of prosperity and ritual. The text was compiled during the Greco-Roman period, perhaps in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek in Shedet (Greek: Crocodilopolis; Arabic: Medinet el-Faiyum), but it may be based on precedents from earlier periods. The most famous copy of this text, known as the Boulaq/Hood/Amherst papyrus, consists of two papyrus scrolls with hieroglyphic text and illustrations. Portions of this papyrus are now in the Walters Art Museum (Baltimore), the Morgan Library & Museum (New York), and the Egyptian Museum (Cairo). Besides this and other hieroglyphic versions, there are also hieratic and Demotic copies on papyrus and an unillustrated hieroglyphic version inscribed on the walls of the Sobek temple in Kom Ombo (Upper Egypt).” The Book of the Faiyum, at the Walters Art Museum: https://art.thewalters.org/detail/24264/the-book-of-the-faiyum-2/

 

49.08  The meaning of the crocodile on Taweret's back is about resisting to pressure

Man carrying a huge weight on his back: https://inneractivephysio.com.au/services/mens-health/bladder-issues/

 

Nile Crocodile Strongest Bite Force on Earth 5000 PSI 10 times Shark

Nile crocodile fact sheet at: https://www.crittersquad.com/fact-sheets/nile-crocodile-fact-sheet/

 

49. 09  The crocodile on Taweret’s back is about resisting to extreme pressure

Of course, you cannot dissociate a hippopotamus from water, they are in the water all day long: they love to stay put, resting at the bottom of river beds… so, when we look at representations of Taweret like the one from ‘the Book of the Faiyum’, our first thought should be “where is the water”. And the answer is of course the crocodile: the reason for Taweret to have a crocodile put in a very acrobatic position on her back, is to represent the huge pressure that was supporting the Taweret plug in the well, because of all the water it was supporting.

Everyone knows that the animal able to create the highest pressure in the entire animal kingdom, isn’t the shark, but the crocodile, and to be more exact: the Nile crocodile.

The crocodile on Taweret’s back is about the pressure hold by the anchor block.

“In Ancient Egyptian religion, Taweret (Ancient Egyptian: tꜣ-wrt, also spelled Taurt, Tuat, Tuart, Ta-weret, Tawaret, Twert and Taueret, and in Ancient Greek: Θουέρις, romanized: Thouéris, Thoeris, Taouris and Toeris) is the protective ancient Egyptian goddess of childbirth and fertility. The name "Taweret" means "she who is great" or simply "great one", a common pacificatory address to dangerous deities. The deity is typically depicted as a bipedal female hippopotamus with feline attributes, pendulous female human breasts, the limbs and paws of a lion, and the back and tail of a Nile crocodile. She commonly bears the epithets "Lady of Heaven", "Mistress of the Horizon", "She Who Removes Water", "Mistress of Pure Water", and "Lady of the Birth House". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taweret

 “Depending on the size of the shark, the team, led by Prof Steve Wroe, estimated a bite force of nearly 4,000 psi, putting the Great White firmly in second position for the strongest bite force. However, as this has not yet been directly measured from a living specimen, we’ve not included it in our round-up of the animals with the strongest bite. So, who has the most powerful jaws? Of all animals alive on Earth today, the Nile crocodile has the strongest bite, at 5,000 psi.” https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/top-10-which-animals-have-the-strongest-bite

 

Taweret Opet ancient Egyptian goddess of Childbirth Protection Hippopotamus with Crocodile Resting on Back

Image of the hippopotamus goddess Taweret/Opet from ‘The Book of the Faiyum’, “the modern name of a text that describes the Faiyum oasis as the mythical center of prosperity and ritual. The text was compiled during the Greco-Roman period, perhaps in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek in Shedet (Greek: Crocodilopolis; Arabic: Medinet el-Faiyum), but it may be based on precedents from earlier periods. The most famous copy of this text, known as the Boulaq/Hood/Amherst papyrus, consists of two papyrus scrolls with hieroglyphic text and illustrations. Portions of this papyrus are now in the Walters Art Museum (Baltimore), the Morgan Library & Museum (New York), and the Egyptian Museum (Cairo). Besides this and other hieroglyphic versions, there are also hieratic and Demotic copies on papyrus and an unillustrated hieroglyphic version inscribed on the walls of the Sobek temple in Kom Ombo (Upper Egypt).” The Book of the Faiyum, at the Walters Art Museum: https://art.thewalters.org/detail/24264/the-book-of-the-faiyum-2/

 

49.10  Water is everywhere in the ancient Egyptian 'art' but never really represented

This probably is one of the most surprising thing about the academic vision of ancient Egypt: egyptologists obviously categorically refuse to see water where 9 year old boys and girls won’t have any problem seeing it… if you take the Egyptian context out of the equation.

Why the hell nobody ever understood that the representations of Geb, Shu and Nut were about water, and more precisely about the endless cycle of water, constantly in perfect balance between the liquid and the evaporated forms, the evaporated one being literally ‘supported’ by dry and warm air (that is what Shu is all about), is still a mystery to me.

So I’m not surprised that Taweret, a goddess represented in the form of an aquatic animal such as the hippopotamus, never is associated ‘officially’ with water. And it is not by accident that so many pictures of the animal are taken under water, with the animal standing put onto the riverbed: they just love to be there, away from the surface, with a lot of water above their heads… or their backs.

The crocodile on Taweret’s back is just about that water, it is just about the pressure caused by that water when the hippopotamus is under water, put on the riverbed.

 

Great Pyramid of Giza God Earth Geb and Nut Sky Goddess Astronomy Stars Shu Air Ancient Egypt

The ancient Egyptian way of glorifying the water cycle by representing the endless change of phase of the element from a liquid to a vapor. Nut is all about humidity, that is water supported by the air. Scene showing Geb (back swimming into liquid water), Nut (represented diving into the water), and Shu in the center, supporting goddess Nut: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fichier:Geb_and_Nut03.png.

Diving drawing: https://www.mobilesport.ch/plongeon/plongeon-basics-chute/

Backstroke technique: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Backstroke_(PSF).png

 

49.11  Water is both suggested and hidden at the same time

The ancient Egyptian way of describing the water cycle. If you look closely to the picture, you’ll see that everything here is about water. If it is easy to see two boats, a fishing net and a fisherman throwing the net, it is only a little more difficult to see that Geb is swimming on his back (he is not the god of the ‘earth’, but the god of water ‘on the earth’, i.e. liquid water), it is not that difficult to see that Nut is represented diving from and to that liquid water, because Nut isn’t the goddess ‘of the sky’, but the goddess of the water that is in the sky (i.e. evaporated water), and of course it isn’t difficult either to see that Shu isn’t trying to separate them both, but is simply supporting Nut (evaporated water), because Shu indeed is about dry warm air and everybody knows that what is supporting evaporated water in the air, precisely is dray and warm air.

And just to be sure, I assume everybody knows that boats (just like the two boats on the above image) are supposed to go on water right? So, considering these two boats, what do you think Nut is really all about?

More on the water cycle: milleetunetasses.com/blog/the-pyramids-of-the-cold-v2/section-3-the-water-cycle.html

 

Stupid Black Men Larry Elder and Lose

49.12  The endless condescending vision of an entire civilization

What is absolutely certain, is that future generations will have to sort out why ancient Egyptians have been so easily and willingly disregarded as a ‘serious’ civilization. Why no egyptologist ever wanted to look at the great pyramids, the disc of Sabu or the Dendera Light as scientific artifacts?

Personally, I don’t think it is only because their civilization was so old that it completely disappeared; which isn’t even right as we’ve already seen that every single foreign civilization probably reinterpreted in their own way the ancient Egyptian religion, and the scientific and technological accomplishments this religion so beautifully glorified (like the Jewish religion, of course).

I think the most damaging reason comes from the fact that more than 200 years ago, the very first egyptologists were French, British, Italian, German and American citizens, and that they were all full of the pretention of their time, full of the pretention of the ‘western’ ideology of the 1800s.

And maybe, because Egyptians are first of all Africans, some sort of unconscious racism was part of the problem.

• In the following excerpt is the perfect example of the so-condescending vision of ancient Egyptians. Whether it was the Egyptians themselves or the egyptologists who have spread this vision isn’t the problem; the problem is that we still participate in the process today, in 2024.

"Here "Bes" stands on a papyrus column and brandishes a knife, which he would have used to attack and subdue any malignant forces that would threaten the owner.” Bes on a column holding a knife: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/570698

• The following excerpt is a magnificent example of how ancient Egyptians are still perceived today, and how much we look at them just like they were nothing but dumb people seeking for religious or superstitious relief in every single action of their lives. I don’t know if it is sad, preposterous or simply another demonstration of the power of racism.

“Ipy is depicted having apotropaic magic which is the type of magic intended to turn away harm or evil influences. She is shown holding a torch and lighting incense cones to provide light and heat for the deceased. She was featured on amulets for the ancient Egyptians to protect themselves from demons that harm pregnant mothers and newborn children. The amulets would help the women along in childbirth and guard them from creatures that were extremely dangerous such as crocodiles and hippopotamuses.”  https://iseumsanctuary.com/2020/04/28/ipy-the-hippopotamus-goddess-mistress-of-magical-protection/

“Stupid Black Men. How to Play the Race Card and Lose”, Macmillan Publishers, by Larry Elder: https://us.macmillan.com/books/9781429929059/stupidblackmen

 

Ancient Egyptian goddess of Childbirth Taweret in Pyramid Texts Dynasty 5

 

49.13  If Taweret first appears during Dynasty 5 it is because the Great Pyramid was built during Dynasty 4

Contrary to Neith who is the glorification of the Bronze and probably at the origin of both the ancient Egyptian scientific endeavor and the beginning of the pharaonic Era, Taweret just like all the other hippopotamus goddesses and most of the other Egyptian deities, is only mentioned for the first time in the Pyramid texts, which appear during the Fifth Dynasty.

In short, if just like most ancient Egyptian deities, Taweret first appears in the so-called ‘Pyramid texts’ during the Fifth Dynasty, it is only because the goddess is about the plug of the inclined well of the Great Pyramid, built at the end of the Fourth Dynasty.

Evidence for the cult of hippopotamus goddesses exists from the time of the Old Kingdom (c. 2686 – 2181 BCE) in the corpus of ancient Egyptian funerary texts entitled the Pyramid Texts. Spell 269 in the Pyramid Texts mentions Ipet and succinctly demonstrates her nurturing role; the spell announces that the deceased king will suck on the goddess's "white, dazzling, sweet milk" when he ascends to the heavens. As maternal deities, these goddesses served to nurture and protect the Egyptian people, both royal (as seen in the Pyramid Texts) and non-royal. Faience hippopotamus statuettes like this one were placed in tombs and temples to help the deceased be successfully reborn into the afterlife. Brooklyn, Brooklyn Museum.

It was not until the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (c. 2055–1650 BCE) that Taweret became featured more prominently as a figure of religious devotion.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taweret

 

great-pyramid-of-khufu-giza-egypt-caliph-al-mamun-forced-entry-tunnel-entrance-cavity-passage-rubbers

49.14  The absolute necessity of draining the inclined well to get all the equipment out of the Pyramid at the end of operation

We’ve already seen that the draining of the well was an absolute necessity, because it wasn’t an option to let all the technology that had been used in the Great Pyramid, in place after the end of its operation. Just like today, when you close a facility, you empty it from all its equipments. And using the well as the way out of the Pyramid is the obvious number one option.

Of course, ancient Egyptians would have been able to drain the waters in many very low-tech techniques, but we have to keep in mind that everything that have been done was driven by the spirit of a demonstration; Egyptians wanted to show to everybody they were the ones to control ‘magical’ science.

 

Hatshepsut birth scene from Édouard Naville The Temple of Deir el Bahari Taweret Bes Childbirth Deity

Hatshepsut’s birth scene, from Édouard Naville "The Temple of Deir el Bahari" (London, 1896), vol. 2, pl. 50. Image courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg: The Ebony shrine, northern half of the middle platform. Slighty edited for clarity from https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/naville1896bd2/0050

 

Pruitt Igoe buildings collapses demolition explosives Saint Louis Missouri

49.15  Why draining the inclined well... with 'panache'

So they didn’t want to use low-tech to drain the well. Instead, they’ve used the most demonstrative technique they could’ve think of, a technique that have required probably the most complex and onerous installation in all the Pyramid; a technique that would have required a very sophisticate succession of extremely well adjusted steps.

This technique was triggered by the release of the Taweret plug. Probably, the height of water had simply been augmented by flooding the central wooden caisson, and it would have break the Bes anchor block, releasing Taweret. But of course, for that to work implied that:

• all the structural integrity of the lower end of the well was guarantied and saved from any displacement in the blocks arrangement

• something had to stop the Taweret plug from destroying the very end of the well before some rock would block the ascending passage

To achieve that, two things were realized:

• the entire lower half of the well isn’t constituted of regular stones, but of gigantic girdle stones only pierced in their center to create the well

• the addition of a shock absorber block that would have stopped Taweret

Section 6 about the Girdle Stones: the-pyramids-of-the-cold-v2/section-6-well-girdle-stones.html

 

49.16  The perfect and very modern analogy of the technique used to trigger the draining of the inclined of the Great Pyramid: the building demolition with explosives

Above illustration: "The second, widely televised demolition of a Pruitt–Igoe building on April 21, 1972, with explosives at St. Louis, Missouri, USA (1972)". U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pruitt-igoe_collapse-series.jpg

 

Hatshepsut’s birth scene from Édouard Naville The Temple of Deir el Bahari Taweret Bes 3

The original design of the Bes anchor block. On this incredible picture, the anchor block is actually represented twice: not only we have the original design of the real granite block in two parts, but we have also its metaphorical representation in the god Bes. Image courtesy of Dosseman, from Two Bes-shaped legs for a bed, wood, New Kingdom: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Allard_Pierson_Museum_Bes_Legs_for_bed_7603.jpg

 

49.17  The real nature of the Bes anchor block and its two very different constitutive parts

Rare are the artifacts from ancient Egypt, which have such a high historical value such as this one from the Allard Pierson Museum and Knowledge Institute, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and representing Bes. The extraordinary thing here is that Bes is actually represented twice:

• there is the human representation of the god

• but there is also the representation of what this god is actually all about: a piece of equipment, here made of wood, but originally made of granite, and designed in two very different pieces: a lower one [A] designed to be anchored into the ground and a upper one [B], thin and fragile, only designed to break under a certain amount of pressure

In short, what we have here, is most probably what would have really looked like the Bes anchor granite block, that immobilized the Taweret plug in the inclined well of the Great Pyramid during all its operation time.

 

great pyramid of giza pharaoh khufu first ascending passage edgar brothers girdle stone girdles inclined well

The layout of the girdle stones in the inclined well of the Great Pyramid of Giza (top view). Original of the Diagram of the First Ascending Passage, by John and Morton Edgar, in "Great Pyramid Passages", (1910), plate CX, paragraph ref. 460, page 230: ​https://archive.org/details/GreatPyramidPassagesVol11910Edition/page/n239/mode/2up

 

49.18  The lower part of the Bes anchor granite block is still in place today and we know exactly its position

Unfortunately, today the whole floor of the so-called ‘ascending passage’ which has been the inclined well of the Great Pyramid 4,500 years ago, is completely covered with wooden boards, and the ‘A’ part of the Bes anchor block cannot be seen anymore. I remember having seen a video where the wood covering wasn’t in place and where the cameraman directly points to the granite block, saying something like “eh, look at that, what the hell is this?”. Of course, I tried to find that video again, but in vain. I don’t have any photograph of the Bes anchor block either.

 

Ancient Egyptian God of Household Protection Bes Foundation Anchor Block

“Bes as depicted on a column capital from the Dendera Temple complex, Roman Period”. Photograph by Olaf Tausch: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bes#/media/File:Dendera_Bes_01.JPG

Layout of foundation blocks with posts, in “How to Build a Treeless Tree House”, by Seamster: https://www.instructables.com/Backyard-Fort/

 

49.19  The 'column capital' and 'base of a pillar' imbroglio about the Bes anchor block

The above photograph of Bes has been taken by Olaf Tausch, and described as “Bes as depicted on a column capital from the Dendera Temple complex”, but the same block had also been described by other egyptologists such as Steve F-E-Cameron: as “Base of Column to god Bes at Dendera”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bes#/media/File:Dendera_Bes_01.JPG

Of course, the correct description is “Base of Column to god Bes at Dendera”, because Bes is all about anchor blocks because of which houses could have been built and raised from the ground. This is why Bes was the god of households and a protector from snakes.

“Bes was a household protector, becoming responsible– throughout ancient Egyptian history– for such varied tasks as killing snakes, fighting off evil spirits, watching after children, and aiding women in labour by fighting off evil spirits, and thus present with Taweret at births.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bes

"Base of Column to god Bes at Dendera", by Steve F-E-Cameron: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:S_F-E-CAMERON_EGYPT_2006_FEB_01385.JPG

 

Egyptian god of Childbirth House Protector Bes Standing on Column with Knife

49.20  The almost perfect analogy of very modern foundation anchor blocks: this is why Bes was a 'household' protector

“Bes was a household protector, becoming responsible– throughout ancient Egyptian history– for such varied tasks as killing snakes, fighting off evil spirits, watching after children, and aiding women in labour by fighting off evil spirits, and thus present with Taweret at births.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bes

 

49.21  The knife over Bes' head is because at some point, its upper part was supposed to be broken off

“Although often named simply Bes, this unusual figure is properly termed a Bes-image because it serves to represent a number of different deities who were protective gods, often with a close association to the protection of women and children during and after childbirth. The Bes-image has a mixture of attributes, displaying a dwarf’s body but also incorporating leonine features, such as a lion’s mane and tail. The Bes-image normally wears a feathered crown, which is broken on this figure. Here "Bes" stands on a papyrus column and brandishes a knife, which he would have used to attack and subdue any malignant forces that would threaten the owner.” Bes on a column holding a knifehttps://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/570698

Specific Section about Bes (but now obviously out of date):   https://www.milleetunetasses.com/blog/the-pyramids-of-the-cold-v2/section-8-bes.html

 

Ancient Egyptian Hippopotamus goddess Opet Taweret

'Book of the Dead' of Ani (frame 37) at the British Museum. “The hippopotamus goddess Opet stands to the right; behind two altars decorated with lotuses and heaped with loaves of bread, a haunch of meat, a bull's head, onions, grapes, gourds and cos lettuces. In a form identical with the better-known hippopotamus goddess, Taweret, she wears horns, a sun disc and rests on a protective 'sa'-sign. Opet offers life and a flaming taper for warmth to the deceased. The text above her is in praise of Hathor, patroness of the west, who is represented as a cow emerging from the western mountain at Thebes into the clumps of papyrus that fringe the Nile Valley.”: https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/Y_EA10470-37

 

49.22  The many hippopotamus goddesses and the reason why you can’t distinguish one from another

Ok, so now it really is getting very interesting. We’ve seen many times that ancient Egyptians when it came to glorify their scientific and technological accomplishments, didn’t behave like we would have.

If today we’d want to glorify, let’s say a car, we would probably create 3 deities: one for the chassis, one for the motor and one for the body. It would be a modern ‘triad’.

But Egyptians would have done differently: for every single deity of our modern triads, they would have created many deities. It is what they did for the two central hauling ropes directly connected to the impactor (the ascending Isis, the descending Nephthys and Seshat coiled upon the drive shaft), and it is what they did for the many representations of the impactor itself, depending on every position in the operating cycle of each component.

One impactor, but many gods (hawk for the speed, bull for the power, ram for the impact with the waters of the well, crocodile for the way it is slipping into the water, etc.). For the Taweret plug, they did the same thing. Except for one thing: this time, egyptologists all agree to say there may be many different hippopotamus goddesses, but they are indistinguishable one from another.

This is crucial, because if you cannot distinguish one hippopotamus goddess from another one, it is only because they are all about the exact same thing; but at different moment in time, and maybe in different aspects of that same thing.

Ancient Egyptian Goddess of Childbirth Taweret MET

If you look at the Taweret figure from the MET here, what is obvious is the fact that she is represented protecting the ‘Sa’ symbol with her belly; and because we’ve already seen that Taweret was associated with the mucus plug, the plug that is keeping the amniotic fluid inside the uterus of a pregnant woman, we can say that the ‘Sa’ symbol has to be the drain hole of the inclined well itself.

 “Opet [Ipy, Ipet, Apet] was only one of several goddesses, including Taweret, Reret and Heqet, who could take the form of a hippopotamus. All of these goddesses were associated with pregnancy and protection, and they were often difficult to distinguish from each other, not only in their form but also in their characteristics. […] Though dating to the Pyramid Age prior to the rise of Thebes as an important Egyptian city, she was particularly venerated in that city where her temple just west of the temple of Khonsu was an integral part of the Karnak complex, even though it was a fairly late addition. In fact, it was on the ground that her temple sits, according to Theban beliefs, that she rested after giving birth to Osiris. Interestingly, while she even appears as a protective figure on the back of a statue of a 17th Dynasty ruler, in most areas of Egypt there appear to be no cult centers associated with the goddess.” https://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/opet.htm

Statuette of the Goddess Taweret: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544864

 

Starting Fire Spark Making Rocks

Learn how to start a primitive fire using two rocks struck together.” Primitive Survival Fire Using Only Rocks, by Far North Bushcraft And Survival: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4IpjRyTMvbI

 

Great Pyramid of Giza Granite Plug Ascending Passage Khufu Sarcophagus Robbers John Morton Edgar Brothers

49.23  The Taweret/Opet plug [block A] ramming into its shock absorber block [B], granite against granite: if Opet was known as the hippopotamus 'Mother of Fire' it was because of the sparkling rocks metaphor

Many people tried to figure out what the three granite blocks of the so-called ‘granite plug’ that is today at the bottom of the ‘ascending passage’ were really about and they all have some theories explaining were they were coming from. The academic explanation is that these blocks were first stored at the top of the Grand Gallery, and were released after the ‘burial’ of Khufu, as protection against robbers.

This is the academic explanation, and it doesn’t even care that these blocks wouldn’t be able to pass through the upper part of the ‘ascending passage’. Why bother? Of course, egyptologists only tried to find an easy explanation: the three blocks are right now at the very bottom of a slope, so the easy explanation is that these blocks were first at the very top of that slope, and then were released. But what really happened really is more complicate and subtle at the same time. If the inclined well was flooded on top of the Taweret plug, it probably wasn’t the case below the plug. I’m actually not completely sure of that, because maybe it was.

But there is one information that goes with the idea it wasn’t flooded, and it comes from another Egyptian vision of the Taweret plug. Taweret is about the plug, still and put at the bottom of the well, just like the photograph of the hippopotamus at the San Diego Zoo, but Opet isn’t about that.

Opet is undistinguishable from Taweret, but she is the one known as ‘the Mother of Fire’. Can anyone tell me how a hippopotamus goddess so strongly associated with water, can be at the same time the Mother of Fire?

It doesn’t make any sense, unless the bottom part of the well, under the Taweret plug wasn’t flooded at all. Because then, when Taweret is released and propelled into the shock absorber block (the middle granite block), the two of them would have looked like two gigantic sparkling rocks, struck together, trying to make fire.

From our modern point of view, we can say that Opet = Taweret = the Mother of Fire. Except that for the ancient Egyptians, they wanted to separate the two aspects of the plug by creating theses two goddesses.

Of course, the other hippopotamus goddesses are also about the same huge and gray granite block, but they are about the glorification of another aspect of it, and it would have to be determined as well.

“As the Mistress of Magical Protection, she [Opet, also Ipy, Ipet, Apet] is referred to in a spell for divination by lamp (Leyden Papyrus col. VI, ll. 18-19) as Ipy, “Mother of Fire.” Similarly, in the Book of the Dead, Spell 137B, “for kindling the flame” shows “Ipy, lady of magical protection” setting fire to a bowl of incense. An ostracon (inscribed pottery fragment) invokes Ipy as a protector against nightmares who massacres the demons [the ramming metaphor] responsible for them.” https://iseumsanctuary.com/2020/04/28/ipy-the-hippopotamus-goddess-mistress-of-magical-protection/

 

Ascending Passage Granite Plug Great Pyramid of Giza Egypt

The mysterious folded rock at the very bottom of the inclined well ‘ascending passage’ most certainly results in the pressure wave created into the structure of the well by the impact of the Taweret plug with its shock absorber block. Could a very specific type of stone, called itacolumite sandstone, or another type of soft material such as the itacolumite been used to absorb most of the energy of the impact onto the structure of the well?

 

Itacolumite Sandstone The World's Most Bendable Rock Great Pyramid Egypt

49.24  Could the pressure wave resulting of the shock between the Taweret/Opet plug and its shock absorber block be responsible for the obvious presence of folds in the rock just below where these two blocks are today?

If you look closely at the rock with the red arrows, next to the intermediate granite block B ‘the shock absorber’ block, there is something striking: it really looks like there are folds in the rock; and of course the question is to know what caused this particularity. Knowing that this exact location served as absorbing the enormous pressure of the Taweret plug propelled at high velocity by the waters of the well, could this entire part of the well been designed with some kind of ‘bendable’ rock or other material?

We know that there is one type of rock that is indeed bendable, that is the itacolumite sandstone, but apparently such a stone can’t be found anywhere near Egypt. So, what really are these folds, still remains a total mystery. But it certainly has to do with the release of the Taweret block and the intervention of the shock absorber block.

Itacolumite “The World's Most Bendable Rock!” by The Action Lab: youtube.com/watch?v=SYnwOU97EvU

 

Taweret ancient Egyptian goddess Hippopotamus with Crocodile on Back

Image of the hippopotamus goddess Taweret/Opet from ‘The Book of the Faiyum’, “the modern name of a text that describes the Faiyum oasis as the mythical center of prosperity and ritual. The text was compiled during the Greco-Roman period, perhaps in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek in Shedet (Greek: Crocodilopolis; Arabic: Medinet el-Faiyum), but it may be based on precedents from earlier periods. The most famous copy of this text, known as the Boulaq/Hood/Amherst papyrus, consists of two papyrus scrolls with hieroglyphic text and illustrations. Portions of this papyrus are now in the Walters Art Museum (Baltimore), the Morgan Library & Museum (New York), and the Egyptian Museum (Cairo). Besides this and other hieroglyphic versions, there are also hieratic and Demotic copies on papyrus and an unillustrated hieroglyphic version inscribed on the walls of the Sobek temple in Kom Ombo (Upper Egypt).” The Book of the Faiyum, at the Walters Art Museum: https://art.thewalters.org/detail/24264/the-book-of-the-faiyum-2/

 

49.25  The pressure that bent the rock originates in the huge amount of water in the well

Of course, these folded rocks certainly cannot be explained by the weight of the granite blocks alone, it really is the weight of the water of the well that would have created enough pressure to bend the rock. Remember: pressure due to water, is the meaning of the crocodile put on Taweret's back.

 

The Pyramids of the Cold The Taweret Granite Plug by French Egyptologist Bruno Coursol Table of Contents

 

The Pyramids of the Cold version 2 (May 2023 - June 2024)

Summary of the study and Table of Contents

 

Part A: The evaporative cooling process

Section 1 • The horizontal evaporative cooling passage layout

Section 2 • The Dendera Light and the creation of the fog of microdroplets by the fog nozzle

Section 3 • The water cycle glorifying metaphors: Geb, Shu, Nut, Tefnut

Section 4 • The theorization of the evaporative cooling process by Akhenaten and Nefertiti

Section 5 • The theorization of the evaporative cooling process in the Weighing of the Heart

 

Part B • The inclined well of the Great Pyramid of Giza

Section 6 • The inclined well layout and the girdle stones

Section 7 • The Taweret "Lady of the Well" temporary sealing granite plug of the well

Section 8 • The Bes temporary wedging block immobilizing Taweret

Section 9 • The draining of the well

Section 10 • The Great Serpent Apep and the snake water metaphors

Section 11 • The Was scepter and the control over "snakes"

Section 12 • The beating Heart of the Great Pyramid

 

Part C • The composite impactor of the Great Pyramid (Horus, Ra, Osiris, Medjed, Sobek...)

Section 13 • The wooden and stone composite design of the impactor: Ra and Osiris

Section 14 • The endlessly immersed Osiris stone and the seed metaphor

Section 15 • The Anubis sledge and the bobsled mask

Section 16 • The sledge runners of the impactor: Thoth

Section 17 • Medjed: the smiter nobody can ever see

Section 18 • The Apis bull and the ramming impactor's metaphors

Section 19 • The crocodile god Sobek impactor (more or less) floating in the waters of the well

Section 20 • The Obelisk and the Benben stone rising from water

 

Part D • The Grand Gallery's of the Great Pyramid of Giza

Section 21 • The Sacred "sloping paths" of the "oval-shaped cavern of the act of Hauling"

Section 22 • The central wooden caisson of the Gallery: Sekhmet and the Triad of Memphis

Section 23 • The hauling ropes of the Grand Gallery: Isis, Nephthys, Hatmehit, Wadjet and Nekhbet

Section 24 • The hauling Beetle and the Seven Scorpions of Isis

Section 25 • The Great Cow goddess Hathor and the operating cycle of the hauling Beetle

Section 26 • The 10 operating phases of the Grand Gallery

Section 27 • The guide to the Afterlife for the smart traveler and the canopic jars

Section 28 • The scarab amulet glorifications of the hauling Beetle

 

Part E • The very large and roughly finished sarcophagus of the Great Pyramid

Section 29 • The biosand filter sarcophagus of the Great Pyramid

Section 30 • The Elephantine Triad deification of the biosand filter of the Great Pyramid

Section 31 • The Great Pyramid's operating flat roof and the water supply issue

 

Part F • Chemical manufacturing and industrial cooling before the Great Pyramid

Section 32 • The Serdab and the "Refreshment of the Gods" Step Pyramid of Djoser

Section 33 • Sneferu's Red Pyramid and the accumulated ammonia

Section 34 • The Disc of Sabu and the Solvay process for pure natron manufacturing

 

Part G • The tremendous impact of the Great Pyramid on the whole ancient world

Section 35 • The hidden secrets of the Hermetica Emerald Tablet (around 1600 C.E.)

Section 36 • Thor and the magical Hammer in the Great Hall of Bilskirnir

Section 37 • The Churning of the waters of the Ocean of Milk (Hindu mythology)

Section 38 • The Tibetan prayer wheels and the Grand Gallery's operation

Section 39 and Conclusion • The cooling water of spitting Kebechet

 

Part H • Epilogue

Section 40 • The smiting Ark of the Covenant and the Ten Commandments

Section 41 • The 293 kilograms windlass Staff of Moses and Aaron... and the First Plague of Egypt: water turning into blood

Section 42 • Ezekiel's Four Egyptian pulley "Wheels within the Wheels" and the four angel ropes

Section 43 • David, Saul, two giant Goliaths, five little stones, an aeolian harp... and a weaver's beam

Section 44 • The holy water fonts and the biosand filter

 

Part I • The magicians of the Great Pyramid of Giza

Section 45 • The Legend of Khufu and the "magician" polymath Imhotep

Section 46 • The two magical eyes of Isis and the brilliant but painful flame of her twin sister's braids

Section 47 • The Aegis Shield of Athena "Subduer of the Winds" and the upper hatch of the central wooden caisson

Section 48 • The Seven Magical Words spoken by 'Divine Sealer' Goddess of Arrows and Bronze Neith

Section 49 • When the Taweret plug finally moves and becomes Mother of Fire Opet: the sparkling rocks metaphor

 

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